Organs of the Respiratory System

Organs of the Respiratory System

Quick Fact!The rate at which human beings breathe is 12-18 breaths per minute. There are 1440 units in 24 hours, as a result, the average number of breaths drawn in by a man (at a rate of 12 breathing per minute) in a day's time is 17,280.The main function of respiratory system is to allow gas exchange (oxygen and carbon dioxide) with different parts of the body. The various organs of the respiratory system tend to be nose, pharynx, epiglottis, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs.

These Organs Carry Out the Operation of Breathing

The process of respiration is classified as aerobic and anaerobic. Aerobic breathing happens in the presence of oxygen while anaerobic respiration doesn't require oxygen. The organs of the human respiratory system carry out aerobic respiration and fulfill the actual oxygen demands of our body. Organs of the Respiratory SystemA detailed study of the respiratory system ought to allow us understand the process of breathing. Functions of different organs in the respiratory system are presented below. NoseIt is really a respiratory organ by which air is inhaled and also exhaled. Nostrils (also referred to as external nares) are usually the parts of the nose which facilitate the process of inhalation and exhalation.1. Vestibule is a part of nostrils which is lined with coarse hair. It filters as well as humidifies the air getting into the nasal cavity.

Contraction of muscles of the diaphragm leads to expansion of the thoracic cavity; shrinkage of diaphragm is important from the point of expansion of lungs at the time of inhalation. Interesting Facts about Respiratory System1. There are above 600 million alveoli in the lungs of an adult human being.

  • Cartilage is an external part of the nose which forms the tip.
  • The bony shelves that project from side surfaces of the nose tend to be referred to as inferior, center and also superior nasal conchae.

Meatuses are the Spaces Present Among Conchae.

PharynxPharynx is often a tubular part of the respiratory system that allows the passage of air into lungs. It is located at the rear of the nasal and common cavities. Pharynx will be connected to the skull cavity by means of muscles and connective tissue. The different areas of pharynx are as follows:

Improper Sleeping Position

Not using a pillow when sleeping during the night can also trigger stomach acids to be able to leak into the esophagus (food pipe) and trigger mucous to accumulate in the tonsils. This may at some point help to make the person cough at night. So, when lying down, make sure to use a pillow since it helps to keep the head raised and reduce the risk of acid reflux. Furthermore, sleeping right away submit lunch or dinner can bring about acid reflux disease symptoms. So, before prone, make sure there is a gap of at least 2 hours after meals.

  • Epiglottis is composed of cartilaginous muscle.
  • It is located at the beginning of larynx (back of the tongue); the epiglottis will be covered with mucous.
Since the epiglottis gets abraded effortlessly (it lies in the digestive tract), its surface is covered with a layer of non-keratinized and stratified squamous epithelial cells. LarynxIt is often a part of the respiratory system which connects the trachea with laryngopharynx. The larynx controls the flow of air at the time of breathing.

Capillaries Connect the Alveoli With the Rest of the Body.

Alveoli are found in the lungs of mammals only. Gas Exchange ProcessThe means of gas alternate within alveoli is characterized by inhalation of air as well as exhalation of carbon dioxide.

Oxygen enters the bloodstream cells by means of alveoli and a network of capillaries.

Oxygen is carried to the tissues of different parts of the body by means of blood.

  • Carbon dioxide diffuses from capillary vessels that surround the alveoli and is finally exhaled by lungs.
  • DiaphragmThe diaphragm is made of skeletal muscles.
  • It creates a partition between the thoracic and abdominal cavity.

Avoid Meals from Night

Case your persistent cough at night is because of stomach acid being pressed up within the tonsils, skipping meals during the night may well assist to prevent symptoms associated with acid reflux. If this is not possible, make sure that you lie down 3 hours after having food.

Diet and Lifestyle: The most important factor, which can help you lead a healthy life is a healthy diet and also an excellent lifestyle. So far as the diet is worried, it ought to be rich in antioxidants, selenium, ascorbic acid and E, and beta carotene. For the best results, you have to take in whole grains, nuts, wheat germ, vegetable acrylic, dark-colored fruits, and vegetables on a regular basis. Like a diet protects you from lung damage, and is good for smokers too. According to some studies, beta carotene is beneficial for protecting and building up the lungs; and this can be found abundantly in mangoes, carrots, apricots, sweet potatoes, red and green peppers, and also cantaloupes. A balanced diet, together with regular exercises, tend to be the basics of a healthy lifestyle.

  • Foods to avoid When you have BronchitisFoods to avoid When you have Bronchitis Whenever bronchitis strikes, prepare a solution of equal quantities of fresh orange juice and warm water. Continue sipping this particular solution each 2 hrs, until the symptoms subside. Bronchitis is a medical problem in which the air passages of...
  • The tracheal tube, when divided into two at the caudal end, gives rise to the left and right bronchus.

    The left bronchus is shorter than the right one; the left one is sub-divided into 2 lobar bronchi; right bronchus, on the other hand, is sub-divided into 3 lobar bronchi. LungsHuman lungs are conical organs present in the pleural some other primary. These people carry out the work of providing the body with o2 and removing carbon dioxide.

    • Use a humidifier to be able to increase the moisture in your room.
    • However, ensure that you are using sterile drinking water for the machine.

    Inhaling vapor helps moisturize throat and also nasal passages, and reduce irritability. Pour some hot water in a large vessel and cover your head with a towel. Make sure the hand towel is covering the charter boat as well, to ensure that it creates a steamy atmosphere inside of. Then, carefully inhale the steam. You will get similar benefits by spending some time inside a steam-filled bathroom.


    Sinusitis is a viral or infection that makes the sinuses swollen. Many people suffering from sinus infection often cough at night. Sinusitis causes irritation to the throat which results in to breathing problems.


    During the first three days of experiencing cold symptoms such as runny nose and cough, you are susceptible to spread the infection to others. Since the common cold can be easily spread through contact as well as just being close to be able to someone who will be sneezing, it is best to stay home and rest until the signs and symptoms relieve or subside. In a common cold contamination, the nose secretions are watering in the first few days, and afterwards become heavier and dim. The infection can be brought on by the hundreds of viruses; nevertheless, if your symptoms do not start to improve after a week, then you might have a bacterial infection, that you will need medicines. Consult your doctor in order to determine if you have an allergic reaction or nose infection.



    As we have just seen that respiratory disease is contagious, it is wise to follow preventive measures to avoid that.

    Vaccination is the Best Way of Preventing Bronchitis.

    As the infection is contagious, it is recommended to stay away from people suffering from any kind of breathing disorders.

    Can be recommended in order to avoid discussing personal articles of daily use just like towels, toothbrush, and so forth., meals or clothes with people suffering from any respiratory disease.

    Stop smoking cigarettes and continue to reduce exposure to professional irritants, secondhand smoking, and so on., in order to avoid chronic bronchitis.

    Lastly, subsequent basic methods of personal hygiene as well as health such as washing hands, using palm sanitizers, and so forth., aid in preventing infections to a large degree.

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    • Bronchitis is actually a serious respiratory disorder and therefore, timely diagnosis and treatment is essential.
    • Last but not least, remember the old saying, reduction is better than cure!
    • Therefore, following the previously mentioned preventive measures can help in stopping the disease to a great extent.

    Factors Linked to Chronic Dry Cough

    Given the connection of the problem with so many medical ailments, it is in some way difficult to pinpoint the exact cause. But medical professionals have been able to determine some causes, based on the diagnosis they perform for their patients. Additionally, in most cases, longterm dry cough is frequently the result of another longterm underlying medical problem. The common causes may include:Other CausesTreatment.