9/26/2017

Gegen Akute Bronchitis: Dry Hacking Cough

Gegen Akute Bronchitis: Dry Hacking Cough

Coughing is usually a symptom of some disease or ailment, and it is not a disease in itself. The body responds to the presence of some waste material present in the air passageways by inducing a cough to push out the irritants out of the system. The heaviness of a cough often helps a doctor to determine the exact cause behind it and suggest some suitable medication for the condition. Similarly, even a dry hacking cough is the symptom of a disease that has primarily affected the lungs, or the airways in the body.

Treatment of Dry Cough and Sore Throat

The treatment of these two conditions depends on the underlying causes. If these are caused by bacterial infections, then antibiotics can be used. Cough suppressants and throat lozenges can also help reduce the soreness in the throat.

  • Steam inhalation is another effective remedy for a sore throat.
  • It can help clear up the nasal passage, and promote the expulsion of mucus.
One also needs to take enough rest, and follow a healthy and balanced diet to accelerate the healing process. Many times, installing a humidifier can also provide some relief. But if your cough and throat soreness persist for several days, or if these are accompanied by a high-grade fever, severe pain in the throat, rash, enlarged or swollen lymph nodes in the neck, and blood in saliva, be sure to evaluate the condition immediately with the help of your physician.

Ipratropium Inhalation

This is used on people with bronchitis or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) to prevent bronchospasm. Those with bladder obstruction or enlarged prostate should inform the doctor to get the right dosage. Consuming large dosage could lead to further complications. Atrovent is a known brand name for this medication.

The time required for complete recovery from pneumonia is usually between 2 weeks to 2 months depending on the severity of the infection, and the immune system of the individual who has contracted the disease.

With postinflammatory pulmonary fibrosis, the sensitive tissues in the lungs scar or thicken due to fibrosis. With such increase in thickness, the muscles become taut and rigid. This reduces the lungs ability to expand and contract, and hence difficulty in breathing. There is no exact cause for such fibrosis. Usually this condition occurs, after some disease and infection has attacked the lungs. While there are at least a hundred lung diseases and various causes, that result in such growth, here are some common ones:Workers in mines of coal and precious metals, ship workers and sand blasters, are at a higher risk of lung diseases and hence fibrosis, due to the nature of their work. Smokers, especially over 40 years old individuals, are at a risk. Research in this field has shown the chance of a genetic disposition with this condition.

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  • Along with medications, a few simple home remedies can also help reduce coughing and throat soreness.
  • For example, you can use slightly warm saline water to gargle your throat two to three times a day.
  • Laryngitis The inflammation of the larynx or the voice box is referred to as laryngitis.
  • It can be caused by upper respiratory infections or an overuse of the voice box by singing or shouting.
  • A dry and sore throat, hoarseness or loss of voice, and cough are the common symptoms of this condition.
  • Children can experience croup, a type of hoarse, barking cough due to laryngitis.

Person who works in an air-conditioned office is just as likely to develop its symptoms as someone working in an iron quarry. The thing is, many people tend to ignore dry cough as a seemingly harmless and common phenomenon, hence, the lack of awareness regarding the symptoms, causes, and remedies for the same.

Coughing can be Classified Into 2 Categories: Productive and Dry (Unproductive)

A productive cough results in the discharge of sputum or mucus, whereas the latter is simply an irritation in the lungs caused by some other reasons. A dry hacking cough is most commonly seen towards the later stages of a common cold, and can also be caused by some external irritants like smoke or dust.

Predominant Symptoms

Bacterial Lung Infection This infection is caused by Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) -- a strain of Staphylococcus bacteria that is resistant to most antibiotics. It is very common in patients, who are hospitalized. The most commonly observed symptom of bacterial lung infection is inflammation. In the affected region, the local cells release histamine, which gives rise to inflammation. This can further cause production of mucus, increase in the flow of blood, and swelling, too. Irritation of the skin is also one of the symptoms of bacterial lung infection.

Remedies for Cough

Remedies for Cough

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  • Elastic tension increases during inspiration and decreases due to recoil during expiration.
  • Lung compliance is inversely proportional to elastic resistance.
  • The elastic forces that are responsible for lung compliance include:
  • Contrary to what many people believe, dry coughing at night is not limited to young children alone.
  • It is something that affects people of all ages and backgrounds.

Coughing is usually a symptom of some disease or ailment, and it is not a disease in itself. The body responds to the presence of some waste material present in the air passageways by inducing a cough to push out the irritants out of the system. The heaviness of a cough often helps a doctor to determine the exact cause behind it and suggest some suitable medication for the condition. Similarly, even a dry hacking cough is the symptom of a disease that has primarily affected the lungs, or the airways in the body.

  • Mononucleosis Also known as the 'kissing disease', mononucleosis spreads through contact with the saliva of the infected individual.
  • This viral disease is characterized by fever and enlarged lymph nodes, especially in the neck and the armpits.
  • This infectious disease can also cause swollen tonsils, fatigue or malaise, skin rash, and headaches.
  • Mononucleosis is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, and is more common in teenagers and young adults.
  • Lung diseases when left unattended or untreated may manifest through problems in other parts of the body.
  • A well-known example is finger clubbing (a deformity of the fingers and fingernails).
  • Bronchitis Symptoms in AdultsBronchitis Symptoms in Adults The bronchial tubes are responsible for moving air to be able to and from the lungs. Certain factors trigger the lining of the tubes to become inflamed and irritated. This condition is known as bronchitis. It may be acute or chronic. Serious...
    • Clubbing Bulbous development will be observed at the tip of the fingers.
    • In the beginning, it will be mild, but will become prominent, and noticeable as time passes.

    Case of pulmonary fibrosis, the elastic properties of the lungs get affected due to the replacement of elastin by collagen. Collagen is not as elastic as elastin, which affects the ability to lungs to stretch or expand. This leads to reduced compliance. On the other hand, emphysema is characterized by damage to the elastic tissue of the alveolar sacs in the lungs due to enzymes secreted by leukocytes (white blood cells). Smokers are at a high risk for emphysema. The secretion of enzymes occurs due to exposure to irritants from cigarette smoke.

    Emphysema Leads to Poor Elastic Recoil, Which in Turn Leads to High Lung Compliance

    People affected by emphysema find it harder to exhale or expel air out of the lungs. As a result, they experience shortness of breath. At times, the alveolar sacs could become filled with fluid due to edema, which in turn might be observed in case of pneumonia or left-sided heart failure. This will also result in reduced lung compliance.

    Coughing can be Classified Into 2 Categories: Productive and Dry (Unproductive)

    A productive cough results in the discharge of sputum or mucus, whereas the latter is simply an irritation in the lungs caused by some other reasons. A dry hacking cough is most commonly seen towards the later stages of a common cold, and can also be caused by some external irritants like smoke or dust.

    Acute Bronchitis

    Acute bronchitis can also start with a dry cough, which is then followed by the production of a small amount of white or yellow sputum, wheezing, a sore throat, fever, shortness of breath, and a burning sensation in the chest. Bronchitis refers to the inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic. Acute bronchitis is usually caused by viral or bacterial infections, while chronic bronchitis is caused by smoking or long-term occupational exposure to irritating fumes or dust.

    Gegen Akute Bronchitis

    • Sometimes, a sore throat and dry cough can occur simultaneously, while at other times, a dry cough can follow a sore throat.
    • This condition can be alleviated or treated effectively once the underlying cause/causes are discerned.
    • So, let's find out the factors or conditions that can cause a sore throat and dry cough.
    • Along with the above-mentioned symptoms, night sweats and chills also indicate scarred lungs.
    • Along with these symptoms, inflammation in the lungs is also indicative of its scarring.
    • In case of lung scarring, it is always better to consult a doctor.
    • Proper treatment can be given, only after finding the cause of scarred lungs.
    • Lung transplants, drug treatments, and supplemental oxygen therapy are possible treatments.
    • Scarring of the lungs is not dangerous in the initial stages.
    • However, if the scars become intense, proper treatment is a must.

    Predominant Symptoms

    Bacterial Lung Infection This infection is caused by Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) -- a strain of Staphylococcus bacteria that is resistant to most antibiotics. It is very common in patients, who are hospitalized. The most commonly observed symptom of bacterial lung infection is inflammation. In the affected region, the local cells release histamine, which gives rise to inflammation. This can further cause production of mucus, increase in the flow of blood, and swelling, too. Irritation of the skin is also one of the symptoms of bacterial lung infection.

    Other Causes

    A sore throat and dry cough can also be associated with smoking, inhalation of foreign particles or irritants, sinus infections, and postnasal drip. In postnasal drip, the nasal mucosa produces excess mucus, which then accumulates in the throat or back of the nose. This can cause a sore throat and cough. Apart from these, gastroesophageal reflux disease can produce soreness in the throat and a dry cough, besides causing difficulty in swallowing.

    Whooping cough, scientifically known as Pertussis, is referred to as "cough of 100 days" or "100 days' cough" in many countries, because it can last for up to 10 weeks.

    • Postnasal drip is responsible for causing a sore throat, it can be relieved with the help of decongestants.
    • If the pain in the throat is unbearable, you can take painkillers under the supervision of your physician.

    Sometimes, a sore throat can be accompanied by cough, which can be productive or non-productive. A non-productive cough is also known as a dry cough, which can be identified by the absence of phlegm or sputum production, unlike a productive cough.

    • Another home remedy for these two conditions is lemon juice.
    • Add a few drops of honey to it and drink the mixture.
    • You can also mix about 1 to 2 teaspoons apple cider vinegar in a glass of water, and drink the mixture to get relief from the soreness.
    • Pharyngitis Pharyngitis is the infection or inflammation of the pharynx or the back of the throat.
    • The affected individual can experience a sore throat, scratchiness in the throat, and difficulty in swallowing.
    • Sometimes, a fever, a runny nose, headaches, and body aches can also be experienced.
    • However, the most common symptom of this condition is a sore throat, which can be accompanied by a dry cough at times.
    • Pharyngitis can be caused by both viral and bacterial infections.

    With postinflammatory pulmonary fibrosis, the sensitive tissues in the lungs scar or thicken due to fibrosis. With such increase in thickness, the muscles become taut and rigid. This reduces the lungs ability to expand and contract, and hence difficulty in breathing. There is no exact cause for such fibrosis. Usually this condition occurs, after some disease and infection has attacked the lungs. While there are at least a hundred lung diseases and various causes, that result in such growth, here are some common ones:Workers in mines of coal and precious metals, ship workers and sand blasters, are at a higher risk of lung diseases and hence fibrosis, due to the nature of their work. Smokers, especially over 40 years old individuals, are at a risk. Research in this field has shown the chance of a genetic disposition with this condition.