Persistant Phlegm: Dangers of Whooping Cough
The name whooping cough comes from the sound 'whoop' that occurs when a person is suffering from coughs. Whooping cough is also known as pertussis. A few decades ago, whooping cough was one of the most common causes of deaths in children and babies all around the world. Today the frequency of the disease has reduced by a great deal due to the availability of vaccination. However, one cannot ignore the possible dangers of whooping cough that can occur, if the condition is left untreated or is not treated properly. Let us first take a brief look at the disease and then know more on the dangers related to it.
How to Increase Lung Capacity
Cardiovascular Activities: Cardiovascular exercises are perfect for increasing lung capacity and for enhancing cardiovascular function. Walking, running, jogging, rowing, swimming, dancing, skiing, cycling, skating, and aerobic exercises, should be done on a regular basis. Don't overdo any of these activities, to avoid strain on your muscles or any other injury. These exercises are also good for the muscles. They involve consistent movement of the large muscles of the body, which triggers a strong demand for oxygen. Therefore the rate of breathing increases to satisfy the demand of oxygen, thereby increasing lung capacity to a certain extent.
Though not very reliable, the phlegm color meaning helps in quick identification of the underlying reason for wet cough. While yellow or green mucus denotes infection in the respiratory tract or lungs, gray or brown phlegm is due to inhalation of dust, fumes, tar, and similar pollutants. Also, the consistency of the expectorate is checked in sputum examination to confirm the causes. If required, the doctor will suggest chest X-ray, blood tests, and other diagnostic tests to rule out severe diseases.
- Treatment Medical conditions such as bronchitis and kennel cough should not be ignored.
- Bronchitis, heartworm disease and also pneumonia have very similar symptoms, as a result, an X-ray would help in the proper diagnosis.
- Diagnosis The condition is generally diagnosed through an X-ray of the chest or a CT-scan.
- However, nowadays, chest computed tomography (CMT) is the most common method used to check the formation of bullae and their size.
- It has also been observed that patients with amyloidosis generally show an obvious formation of bullae.
- Researchers working in this field have referred to bullae as paper bags, which on getting filled assume a spherical shape.
- There is an internal gas exchange that keeps on happening within the bullae.
- This is the primary reason because of which the bullae do not take part in the respiration process though they stay in the path of the air passage.
- The formation of bullae in the lungs may take a bad shape and result in dyspnea.
One of the other risk associated with the disease is that as it is a highly contagious disease, it is spread very easily. Lastly, although you should be aware of these potential dangers, you should also remember that the possibility of death occurring due to whooping cough is very rare. Whooping cough can be treated and cured completely. Take care!
- Causes Numerous reasons can cause collection of air/gas around the lungs.
- Midair trapped can be air from outside the body or perhaps from the lung itself.
- Symptoms Parents can observe that their toddler is suffering from dry too much water or not, only if they have proper knowledge of the symptoms.
- Subsequent are most commonly observed signs and symptoms within toddlers:
Dry drowning is not a very common occurrence, i.e., that need not necessarily occur every time your child dives while swimming or every time your infant is in the bath tub. So, parents, please do not really panic, as this is a rare phenomenon, which happens only when the kid unexpextedly stays underwater for more than a few seconds, so don't let yourself be negligent on your part, and keep a watch about your child until he/she is actually done with the bath, and during diving, (for bigger kids), make sure the particular tutor will be neighborhood so that he will keep a watch on the child's movements.
Wet cough is the frustrating state that makes your ribs, back and also arms hurt. Your neck is blister as well as everyone around you will be bothered by the continual noise. It is a respiratory infection and ordinarily starts off as a dry cough, and then graduates to the "wet cough" stage. There can be many reasons for this cough to occur and the treatment depends upon these reasons.
There could be other symptoms accompanied by those mentioned above. Choking or gagging is a manifestation of this condition, and if that lasts for more than two minutes, then it is a sign of danger. Sweaty skin or change in color of skin tend to be some other symptoms which may be noticed. A blue tinge on the mouth or a pale-bluish coloring on face is actually a crucial symptom. This is an indication of lack of oxygen in the blood. In some cases, toddlers lose their mind.
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Spontaneous: This has abrupt symptoms and is not a result of sustained injuries to lungs. It has two types - primary and secondary. The former is observed in people who do not have any medical history of any lung disease. Smoking is considered as its chief cause. Proximity to loud sound, scuba diving, sudden change in atmospheric pressure, and so on., can be some other contributing factors. The latter is actually observed in people who already suffer from a lung problem, such as COPD, asthma, and so on. COPD has been observed to be the most common reason.
Nasal decongestants or sprays are often prescribed for people who have blocked nasal passages, which may be due to common cold, flu, or sinus infection. Also, inhaling steam and taking steam baths help in clearing nasal congestion and removing mucus efficiently.
Other than these remedies, certain lifestyle and dietary changes are also advisable. Avoid consuming tobacco and excess of caffeine. So, cut down on your smoking, and make sure that you get enough exercise. Make it a point to go for a walk early in the morning. The fresh air will really make a big difference to your health. Take extra care during seasons when your symptoms worsen. These home remedies will make your immune system stronger and reduce the recurrent bouts of bronchitis.
- Pneumothorax, also referred to as lung collapse, will be the result of unwanted air caught around the lungs.
- The lung collapses as it cannot expand in the normal fashion, because of presence of unwanted air/gas.
- This problem can be grouped into three types, that is, spontaneous, tension, and injury pneumothorax.
- Read the paragraphs below to know about the causes, symptoms, and also treatment of pneumothorax.
The Absence of Timely Treatment, Flu May Worsen Into a Lung Infection
Exposure to bacteria, fungi, and environmental toxins can also cause an infection. So, take all precautionary measures always to ensure that you are protected. If you ever experience any of the aforementioned symptoms, consult a doctor immediately.
Causes of Productive Cough
The underlying causes of productive cough may be mild to severe. For example, chesty cough resulted due to common cold is easily treatable; whereas those caused due to emphysema or other chronic lung problems are life-threatening. Frequent exposure (or inhalation) to chemical irritants, smokes, fumes, environmental pollutants, and alike allergens may also trigger cough with phlegm. In most patients, productive cough is commonly manifested in the morning.
Types of Infant Bronchitis
Bronchitis in infants can be either acute or chronic; In acute respiratory disease, the onset of infection is abrupt. Although, this is a severe form of bronchitis, the infection lasts for a short while. On the other hand, in chronic respiratory disease, the infection gradually invades the airways, that lasts for a long time.
Whenever toddlers swallow water unintentionally, they will start coughing like to throw up the water. If this coughing lasts for a longer time than usual, say up to half an hour, it is possible that the ingested water has arrived at the lungs. Parents should look out in the event that any other associated signs turns up along with this. One other thing to be noted is that they also cry a lot and rub their eye frequently if water may be ingested.
What is Whooping Cough
Whooping cough is a respiratory disorder caused by bacteria known as Bordetella pertussis. The bacteria cause infection in the lungs which gives rise to certain symptoms like cough, mild fever, nasal congestion, vomiting, fatigue, etc. However, the symptoms of this condition, at an early stage, appear similar to the symptoms of common cold. The severe symptoms like face turning red or blue, sever dry cough, etc., develop a week later and hence, identifying this condition early is very difficult. Whooping cough is highly contagious and can be transmitted from person to person through the droplets expelled out while sneezing and coughing. This condition can be found in people of all age groups; but babies and children are at a higher risk of contracting it. Antibiotics are used for the treatment of whooping cough.
Excessive Coughing: The infant experiences frequent bouts of breathing problems. The continuing stubborn cough, also negatively impacts the voice. The cough is actually your body's response to accumulated mucus in the lungs or perhaps the chest. The tone of voice becomes hoarse and the body tries to get rid of mucus buildup through coughing.
Influenza The symptoms of influenza and the common cold are similar, however the two diseases are not the same, with different effects on the body. It is caused by viruses made up of RNA (Ribonucleic acid), as opposed to the rhinoviruses and coronaviruses of the common cold. Influenza is not meant to be taken lightly. Its virus form and family can cause serious harm, in a short infection period. It kills between 3,300 - 50,000 people per year. Flu is extremely contagious in nature, as the viruses adapt and evolve into new strains on infection. The best example of this adaptation is swine flu, where the virus family combined from 3 different species (human, bird and pig), to create a deadly influenza strain. The range of contagion is anyone within 6 feet can pick up the flu from an infected person. This characteristic of influenza can cause epidemics and on a world-wide scale, cause a pandemic.
To sum up the difference between bronchitis and flu, here is a tabular comparison of the basic facts: Name\ Feature Flu Bronchitis Body Areas Affected Nose, throat and lungs Lungs Chemical Make-up RNA viruses Viruses and bacteria Who Is At Risk Elderly, infants, pregnant women, kidney, heart or lung disease victims Infants, seniors and smokers Types Influenza Type A, B, C Chronic and acute Duration days Acute - 1 week to a month, Chronic - 2-3 months in a year Complications Pneumonia, brain infection, bronchitis, sinus and ear infections Pneumonia, pulmonary hypertension.
Prognosis The most obvious symptom of this condition is trouble while breathing, when exerting oneself. But such a symptom does not alarm the individual, because he might feel he is not used to the exercise or just inactive. When breathing becomes difficult in simple, less strenuous activities, like walking or, even while sitting still or sleeping, that's when an individual realizes that something is wrong. The first step in diagnosing, is a physical examination. Standard tests are chest x-rays and a high resolution computerized tomography (HRCT). This lung condition is varied in type and each case has unique causes, so misdiagnoses can be made. The most accurate and final step in testing, is a lung biopsy, which carries out an extensive tissue sample analysis.
Important Facts on Serious Bronchitis
The main characteristic sign of this condition is a nagging cough or a hacking cough. This is one symptom of the problem that, more often than not, lingers even long after other signs and symptoms are gone. In most cases, the cough is really a productive one; that means, this causes a discharge of thicker sputum that may be obvious, white, green, or yellow-gray. Frequent coughing may be tedious for the little ones, and may make chest and stomach muscles painful. Also to worsen the cough, additional symptoms which may take place are:In young children, mother and father can figure out these kinds of symptoms, but the story is different when the problem occurs in babies. Given to what their age is, they are not able to verbally communicate how they are feeling, except moaping and also showing signs of not being at ease and more cranky than normal.
- Coughing alone is not actually a disease, but it is an indication of problems in the respiratory tract.
- In fact, a cough is a self-defense mechanism, triggered by the presence of any foreign or unwanted particles in the respiratory tract.
- And phlegm is nothing but the mucus secreted by the lungs in response to infection.
- Post nasal drip, a manifested symptom of cold, sinusitis and pneumonia may also result in phlegm buildup in the throat.
- When the mucus is expelled out of the body and becomes visible, it is called phlegm or sputum.
- Breathlessness The victim experiences shortness of breath.
- Similar to cough, in the initial stage, it will be at a minimal level; however, gradually the condition will worsen.
- Breathlessness occurs predominantly as one ages.
- However, do not use this as a jacket cover and delay the diagnosis.
- Report the way you feel to your medical practitioner, so that treatment may begin in the neonatal stages of the condition.
Almost all of us have experienced productive cough, which may be because of a common cold, bronchitis, or other respiratory tract infections. Coughing up phlegm is rather a good sign, as accumulation of the same can lead to chest infections and other medical complications. Nevertheless, a chronic cough condition with phlegm that is discolored (yellow, rusty-brown, green, etc.) should not be neglected, as it can be a symptom of some serious lung ailments.
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Prevention is better than cure and this motto is especially true for influenza. Clean and hygienic environment and personal habits are the most important steps in preventing the flu. To reduce the infection risk even further, vaccination for children and adults is recommended. Bronchitis in the acute form is not dangerous and needs to run its course. To prevent chronic bronchitis, avoid smoking and air pollutants. In the matter of flu vs bronchitis, one aspect is clear - keep clean and at the first sign of trouble, visit a doctor.
Treatment for Smooth in Lungs and Heart Failure
In the recent past, more effective medications have been made available to deal with fluid filled lungs. Antibiotics help get rid of the infection. Improved quality of pacemakers and implantable defibrillators help improve the function of the heart and lungs. Diuretics are usually recommended as they help reduce the fluid in lung area. Some drugs improve the pumping capacity of the heart. Surgery can repair blockage of the coronary arteries, a valve problem, a congenital heart defect, or even a too thick pericardium. The possibility of heart transplant is available if the heart's power to pump blood is completely marred. Prompt supply of oxygen or artificial ventilation is often a part of the emergency therapy. The procedure should be so designed that the fluid should not again get accumulated in the lungs.
Case of chronic conditions, wherein cough with phlegm do not show prompt results with the above mentioned natural remedies, it is imperative to take medical help, rather than resorting to self medication. After conducting diagnostic tests, the physician will prescribe therapeutic drugs appropriate for patient's condition.