Was Tun Bei Bronchitis: Dry Cough in Children
Coughing is the body's natural way of getting rid of foreign substances from the throat and respiratory tract. Given that, an occasional cough is normal and means no harm. However, a cough that stays for several weeks, does signal something severe. A dry cough, also known as nonproductive cough, does not produce any phlegm unlike a wet cough or productive cough. In most children, a dry cough is usually minor and relatively easy to treat. In some cases, however, it may be otherwise.
- Treatment of bronchitis involves the intake of certain medications that are prescribed depending upon what is actually causing the bronchitis.
- No matter what bronchitis medication is prescribed, smokers need to quit their unhealthy habit of lighting the cigarette.
- Tobacco smoke is bound to worsen bronchitis, and therefore smoking cigarettes has to be stopped immediately.
- Patients with chronic bronchitis should not hesitate or feel shy to wear masks whenever outdoors.
- This will minimize exposure to air pollutants, thereby helping to manage this condition more effectively.
This is a side effect which has now become a common symptom of expectorants not suiting you. You may suffer from sleeplessness or temporary insomnia, due to which you are drowsy and sleepy during the rest of the day. It is however, necessary that a suppressant be prescribed for the nighttime so that the individual may have a peaceful sleep, as he is not disturbed by the constant spasmodic coughing.
- There are high chances of kennel cough being contagious to people who are in close contact with the infected pet.
- On the other hand, people with a weakened immune system, like babies, children or old people are at a higher risk of contracting the disease.
Varicella-zoster virus and also herpes simplex virus could also cause pneumonia in adults with a weak immune system. Though adenoviruses usually trigger upper respiratory tract infections, these kinds of could sometimes cause bronchiolitis or pneumonia in young children.
Once Klebsiella pneumoniae enters the lungs, it causes many destructive changes in the lungs. It leads to necrosis, inflammation, hemorrhage, etc. of the lung tissues. This leads to production of a very thick, jelly like mucus that is called 'currant jelly sputum'. The rapid destruction of the lung tissues is the distinguishing factor for Klebsiella pneumoniae infection. Initially, Klebsiella pneumoniae will cause a sudden high fever. This fever is generally more than 103F. The fever is accompanied by other symptoms like chills and dizziness. The patient will also cough up the thick currant jelly sputum. This sputum may show streaks of blood.
Cough, whether dry or wet, can take a lot out of your child's body. Although, you may not always prevent the condition from affecting your child, you can surely reduce the risks. One of the simple ways of doing it is by maintaining personal hygiene, and helping your kids learn to do the same.
- Respiratory tract infections are usually characterized by inflamed airways, that interfere with passage of air.
- The air sacs in the lungs could also get filled up with pus or fluids.
- This has an effect on the exchange of oxygen from the alveoli to the bloodstream.
- This causes breathing difficulties which might be accompanied by other signs and symptoms such as:
Viruses that create Pneumonia Viral pneumonia could be caused by the following viruses:
Treatment and Prevention
The treatment of a viral lung infection involves the use of antiviral drugs. Given that common cold and flu can progress in order to pneumonia, the use of anti-flu drugs for example amantadine, rimantadine, oseltamivir, or zanamivir can certainly prove beneficial. If the causal patient is the RSV, physicians might recommend ribavirin. Palivizumab is another drug that can help to prevent infections caused by RSV.
Administration of flu virus vaccines or immunization shots can lower a person's danger to get affected by flu, or pneumonia which will develop due to flu.
Doctors may also suggest painkillers, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or even bronchodilators. Doctors might also follow a symptomatic strategy and prescribe specific drugs in order to relieve the signs and symptoms that are showed by the patient. The individual is usually asked to take rest and also boost his/her consumption of fluids.
The anatomical houses of the human respiratory system tend to be put into the upper and lower respiratory tract. While the upper respiratory tract includes the nasal passages, pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), and trachea (windpipe), the lower respiratory tract consists of the lungs and the bronchial tubes. The lungs, which are paired, sponge-like organs located in the chest cavity, perform an extremely important role in the process of breathing. The air that we take a breath enters the actual trachea, coming from where it is carried to the lungs from the two main branches of the trachea (bronchial tubes).
The exchange of carbon dioxide and also oxygen happens in alveoli, which are microscopic sacs that can be found in the lungs. Medically referred to as pneumonia, a lung an infection takes place when pathogens such as bacteria, infections, or fungus enter the lungs and multiply. A viral lung infection, because the name suggests, is infectivity that is the result of a virus. Viruses that cause common cold or flu are often responsible for causing pneumonia. These viruses can spread to people when they come in contact with the respiratory secretions of the infected persons or make use of their personal belongings. Viruses may also be sent if a person touches infected surfaces.
Common Cold and Flu Flu and the common cold are infections of the upper respiratory tract, and so, both can affect the throat, besides producing a host of other symptoms. Both common cold and influenza or flu are viral illnesses that can cause a sore throat, fever, a runny nose, muscle aches, headaches, and a dry, hacking cough. The dry cough caused by upper respiratory infections can give you a feeling of something being stuck in the throat.
Acupuncture has also been shown to be beneficial in the treatment of bronchitis. The latest research has found that patients with obstructive chronic lung diseases have responded positively to the acupuncture therapy. These findings have also been supported by the United Nations World Health Organization, that has detailed bronchitis among the list of diseases that can be treated with acupuncture. The factors that are used to treat this problem are Lung 5 (located as part of your elbow) and Lung 6 (on the forearm).
Effects Following are usually the effects of chronic bronchitis: The effects of chronic bronchitis are serious; however, these people can be cured with proper treatment. Medications for example bronchodilators, which are available in the form of inhalers, are used to treat the problem. Physicians may also recommend other medications such as theophylline and steroids with regard to this disease. However, one must understand that over treatments, staying away from cigarette smoking totally would help in a person's fast recuperation.
COPD Staging and GOLD System
Calculation of COPD life expectancy is mainly based on the degree of severity of the disease, which is measured through a pulmonary function test called spirometry. This test measures the degree of airway obstruction and the capacity of the lungs to hold air and blow it out. As per this test, COPD is classified as mild, moderate, severe and very severe. Usually, the spirometry measurements are given in FEV1/FVC ratios. FEV1 is the forced expiratory volume in one second, which is the greatest volume of air that can be breathed out in the first second of a breath. FVC denotes the forced vital capacity, which is the greatest volume of air that can be breathed out in a whole large breath.
The severity of COPD is determined as per the FEV1 value, measured twice - before and after administering a bronchodilator. The person should be healthy and free of any respiratory tract infection, during the test. He/she must also avoid taking any bronchodilator, for at least 24 hours before the test. This staging system was developed by the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease.
- Inhalation of airborne nose and respiratory secretions of the infected individual can cause the transmission of the virus.
- It would be best to avoid physical contact with a person who has cold, flu, or pneumonia.
- Transmission of the virus can be averted if the infected individuals cover their mouth and nasal area while sneezing or even coughing.
- Do not make use of the personal belongings of an infected person.
- Refrain from touching areas that may have been touched by the infected person.
- Wash your hands with an antiseptic handwash frequently.
Is almost impossible to come up with accurate figures, as far as life expectancy and medical conditions are concerned. In most cases, the figures are rough estimates that are calculated on the basis of certain factors like the severity of the given medical condition. It may also happen that those in the severe stages of the disease outlive those in mild and moderate stages. Instead of worrying about the figures, it is always better to concentrate on proper treatment and lifestyle changes, especially in a disease like COPD. This will help you manage the symptoms and hinder the progression of the disease to a great extent. Here is a brief overview about the factors that influence the life expectancy of a person, who has been detected with COPD.
- Overview There are two types of bronchitis, namely serious bronchitis and chronic bronchitis.
- Acute bronchitis is a milder form of bronchitis, mostly due to virus or bacteria and goes away with or without minimal treatment.
- Nevertheless, chronic bronchitis is a worse illness that stays with a person for a long time, and is usually caused because of using tobacco.
- It is also found in people who work in places where they are in contact with harmful substances like airborne dirt and dust, chemical gases, etc.
Besides this particular, people who are exposed to air pollution in the environment and also who've vulnerable immune system are also at the risk of getting suffering from this condition. As a result, these kinds of hazardous substances enter the respiratory system through inhaling and exhaling. When this continues for many years, the bronchial tubes develop some kind of swelling or irritation, leading to the development of thick mucus inside of it. Whenever airways get filled up with mucus, this blocks the passage of the air to the lungs, leading to chronic bronchitis. It is also common to find this condition with other conditions just like asthma attack, nose, pulmonary emphysema, upper respiratory infections, pneumonia, lung fibrosis, and tuberculosis.
- One of the most common canine conditions, kennel cough is mainly seen in dogs that are kept in groups (as within kennels).
- This kind of respiratory disease is highly contagious and spreads easily, as the infected dog comes in contact with other dogs.
- Disease-causing pathogens spread through the air, as the infected dog coughs or sneezes.
- A proper dog can contract this disease, even through contact with contaminated areas.
- So, dogs can contract kennel cough very easily.
- Being close in order to dogs, people also may deal upper respiratory infection.
- Help your child do a salt water gargle.
- To make the solution, simply mix 1/2 teaspoon of table salt in a glass of lukewarm water, and stir.
- Note: Salt water gargle is most suitable for kids aged 4 and above.
- Viral pneumonia is often a milder form, when compared to bacterial pneumonia.
- More often than not, the symptoms resolve within three weeks.
- However, hospitalization may be required in severe cases.
- Oxygen therapy may be necessary for a person experiencing breathing problems.
- Tea prepared with lemon, cayenne, honey, and apple cider vinegar can also provide relief in throat soreness.
- Ginger and chamomile tea can also be taken to get relief from a sore and dry throat.
Scratchy Throat and Cough One can get scratchy/itchy sensation in the neck as a result of a minute allergy or due to a serious situation just like tonsillitis. However, in most cases one can find relief by opting for simple remedies. Here are the possible causes behind cough...
- On the other hand, dynamic compliance represents pulmonary compliance during periods of gas flow, such as during active inspiration.
- It can be affected by changes in airway resistance, chest wall compliance, and lung compliance.
- Dynamic compliance is always less than or equal to static lung compliance.
- It is calculated using the following equation:
- As it is an airborne disease, cats can also get infected with kennel cough.
- Although cats do not show symptoms like cough, they can have a runny nose and fever.
- Constipation Constipation may be one of the side effects of expectorants.
- The inability to have smooth bowel movement may be disrupted for a few days, till the individual consumes the expectorant.
- You may also experience diarrhea, a contrary condition, which affects the gastrointestinal system.
While COPD encompasses respiratory conditions like emphysema and chronic bronchitis, smoking (includes long-term exposure to secondhand smoke) is cited as the single largest cause of this life-threatening disease. Air pollution and exposure to occupational fumes may also lead to this condition. Even exposure to cooking fire without proper ventilation may lead to COPD, in the long run. Chronic acid reflux or GERD is said to worsen COPD symptoms. In some rare cases, genetic disorders can also lead to this condition.
Cough Fever Chills Headache Malaise Nasal congestion Sore throat Body aches Loss of appetite Fatigue Cough with sputum Labored breathing
Risks of Whooping Cough
As mentioned above, due to the availability of advanced treatment methods and vaccination, the chances of contracting whooping cough is relatively less. Secondly, due to the same reasons, the chances of death occurring due to whooping cough are further lessened. According to the statistics, deaths occurring due to whooping cough are as low as 0.2% of the total cases. However, this does not mean that there cannot be any possibility of death. As there are reported deaths caused due to this disease, one should be aware of the whooping cough risks and take care in order to prevent them.
Treating symptoms is very difficult. This is because, many times, it is a nosocomial infection and the organism is highly resistant to many antibiotics and medications. The Klebsiella pneumoniae treatment includes use of antibiotics like aminoglycosides and cephalosporins. Many patients show a good response to third generation drugs like amikin, tobramycin, clavulanate, aztreonam, gentamicin, etc.
Bronchitis can either be acute or chronic. Acute bronchitis takes usually 1-2 weeks and is definitely handled with the help of over-the-counter medicines. Chronic bronchitis, on the other hand, is a significant lung disease which is caused by viruses, bacteria, dust, fumes etc. The main the signs of chronic respiratory disease tend to be cough and sputum production, dyspnea (shortness of breath) and coughing. They're accompanied by fatigue, sore throat, muscle-pain and nasal congestion. There are different options available regarding the treatment of bronchitis as well as Chinese medicine is actually one of them.
- Teach your child the proper way to gargle.
- Even better, help him/her practice with plain water first.
- Remember to tell your child not to swallow the saline solution but to spit it out, after gargling with it.
Human parainfluenza virus sort 2 and Human parainfluenza virus type 3 could also trigger lower respiratory tract infections. These viruses can cause severe pneumonia in people who are immunocompromised. Infections caused by Man parainfluenza virus type 3 are likely to affect babies.
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Respiratory Syncytial Trojan (RSV) is associated with lung infections in infants, as well as young children. Since this particular virus will get transmitted in order to others through person-to-person get in touch with or breathing of respiratory secretions, outbreaks are common in schools as well as daycare centers. This can also affect immunocompromised children and also adults.
Make a paste of basil leaves and honey. Give this mixture to your child whenever he/she has a cough. Soak some almonds in water overnight, and the next morning make a paste out of them. Mix this paste with honey, and give it to your child whenever he/she has a cough.
What is Viral Bronchitis
Viral bronchitis is caused by the virus (family Orthomyxoviridae (the influenza viruses)) that also causes common cold and influenza (flu). A person suffers from bronchitis when the viral infection, causing cold and flu, reaches the lungs and affects the bronchi. People having a weak immune system are more prone to contracting viral infection. When the infection reaches the airways, mucus is formed, blocking the airways. The mucus built up in the airways causes difficulty in breathing, shortness of breath, etc.
- Increase your fluid intake to speed up the recovery from viral infections like cold and flu.
- Drink slightly warm water and soups, which will help thin the mucus and facilitate its expulsion.
Following the aforementioned actions can lower the risk of respiratory infections. At times, bacterial pneumonia could occur together with viral pneumonia, or may well occur after viral pneumonia. Bacterial pneumonia is believed to be a more severe form, which is why medical help must be immediately sought to treat viral pneumonia at the earliest.
Recent studies suggest that about 15-20% children are suffering from pollen allergy. Seasonal pollen allergy too can turn into bronchitis when necessary precautionary measures to control the symptoms are put on the back burner. No wonder, people who show allergic reactions from exposure to pollen, dust and mold, are predisposed to bronchitis.
Wheezing Shortness of breath on exertion If a person indicates the aforementioned symptoms, doctors may carry out a physical examination and study the person's medical history. Certain diagnostic tests may be carried out to ascertain in the event that a person has pneumonia or otherwise. These include:
Wickel und Auflagen - Temperierte Quarkauflage
Quarkauflagen tragen bei Husten und Bronchitis zur Sekretolyse bei. Der Film zeigt, wie man eine temperierte Quarkauflage auf der Brust korrekt anbringt.
Dry Cough Remedy for Kids
Mostly, you can relieve your child's cough with the help of some simple self-care treatment measures. However, if your child is an infant, then nothing would be more advisable than taking him/her to a pediatrician.
- Paste of honey and ginger is equally beneficial in reducing dry cough.
- Simply grind some freshly-cut cloves of ginger and mix it with honey, and administer three times a day.
Gargling three to four times a day is recommended. If your child has a stuffy nose along with a dry cough, then help him/her sleep with the head slightly elevated. For this, you can use pillows or towels. This will help your child breathe more comfortably and sleep better.
The incidence of viruslike lung infections is likely to be high in case of immunocompromised people, which explains why steps must be taken by this kind of individuals to prevent the recurrence of pneumonia. These types of include:
By the lung diseases given in this article we can make out how susceptible this organ is towards getting diseases. So, maintain a healthy diet, stay away from smoking and follow your doctor's advice. Take care!
Symptoms and Also Diagnosis
The early symptoms of a viral lung infection are usually very similar to that of flu. This is due to the fact that viruses that cause flu can also cause irritation of the airways and the lungs. If left untreated, common cold or flu could progress in order to pneumonia.
Influenza, which is commonly referred to as flu, is a respiratory infection that is caused by any of the strains of Influenza infections. The particular incidence of flu is higher during winter or early spring. The onset of the infection is marked by symptoms such as head aches, chills, and cough. The affected person may feel other symptoms such as a fever, loss of appetite, muscle tissue aches, fatigue, runny nose, irritated throat, sneezing, watery eyes, and so forth. At times, this upper respiratory tract infection can worsen into pneumonia.
Complete Blood Count (CBC)
Blood culture Chest X-rays Sputum analysis Bronchoscopy is another method that may be conducted to examine the bronchial tubes. In some cases, pulse oximetry might be done to be able to measure the amount of oxygen in a person's blood.
Commonly observed in children in the age group of five to fifteen, and elderly people, walking pneumonia signs or symptoms usually mimic the symptoms of common cold and flu. Early symptoms can often be observed after two to three weeks of incubation period in an individual who has been exposed to the germs. It starts off with moderate symptoms like a low-grade a fever and low energy, as well as cold and flu-like signs like head aches, runny nasal area, a sore throat, and sometimes even a fever. Within two weeks, the particular cold gets even worse, and also the disease settles straight into the chest, resulting in moist cough and possible hoarseness. If the cough lingers for more than three weeks, the sputum gets streaked with blood.