Infection Bronchitis Virus: Blood Clot in Lungs (Pulmonary Embolism)
When a clot is suddenly formed in the artery of the lung, the condition is termed as pulmonary embolism. The clot can be either formed by air, fat, blood, or unwanted growth of cells. However, blood clots are the most common cause of blockage in the pulmonary artery. Although the clot is found in the lungs, it was actually formed in the veins of the lower regions of the body, such as the leg, pelvis, arms or even heart.
- Common Cold - It is a mild viral respiratory infection.
- Low-grade fever, sore throat, nasal congestion, cough, fatigue, headache, etc., are the symptoms.
- Croup - It is a common respiratory infection of the airways, and one of the most common causes of cough and fever in children.
- Harsh, 'barking' cough, difficulty in breathing and swallowing, nausea, vomiting, fever, etc., are the other symptoms.
- Besides the antibiotics, one can also place a damp rag on the forehead and other areas of the body, or perhaps take a bath when a fever is common.
- This will help in bringing the body temperature down.
- To ease cough, prop the head up on a pillow whilst resting the body with a good willing position.
- This will enable the fluid in the lungs to drain.
Symptoms The symptoms are usually observed 2-3 days after the actual infection of the respiratory passage has happened, and some of the symptoms may continue to last for 2-3 weeks. Following are the main symptoms that will help you identify the problem.
Bronchodilators: Bronchodilators refer to drugs that relax and also dilate the airways, and invite the air to pass through the bronchi to the lungs. The bronchodilator medicine might be converted into mist through a nebulizer. Albuterol, levalbuterol and ipratropium bromide are a few of the nebulizer drugs that may be used for the treatment of bronchitis, asthma or other respiratory problems that may cause shortness of breath.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Using a stethoscope, the breathing pattern of an individual is observed. If abnormal sounds occur while breathing, a doctor may suggest a chest x-ray and lung function tests to provide a deeper analysis. Sputum sample analysis is used to detect infection signs and confirm if the bronchitis is viral or bacterial in nature. If the infecting agent is bacteria, then antibiotics are prescribed. To help ease bronchitis symptoms, doctors can advise the use of cough suppressants and medications for nose congestion and mucus.
- Medicines Blood thinning medicines, that is anticoagulants are given to decrease the blood's ability to form clots.
- They do not break up the already formed clots, however, they prevent the further enlargement of blood clots.
- These anticoagulants can be taken in the form of pills, injections, or intravenously via a needle inserted into the vein.
- Heparin and Warfarin are the usually prescribed anticoagulants.
- However, Warfarin is dangerous during pregnancy, thus only heparin is given to pregnant women.
- Heparin works really quickly in the body, however, requires regular monitoring of the anticoagulation levels in the blood.
- For patients who cannot take heparin, a new anticoagulant called Thrombin inhibitor is given.
- Weakening of the myocardium (heart muscle) due to coronary artery disease is one of the most common causes of congestive heart failure.
- Coronary heart disease is characterized by limited flow of blood to the heart due to the accumulation of arterial plaque.
- This causes the heart muscle to weaken, thereby increasing the risk of congestive heart failure.
- Thickening of the heart muscle due to high blood pressure can also cause the same effect.
- Coronary artery disease also increases the risk of a heart attack.
- A heart attack is a life-threatening condition wherein the blockage of a coronary artery causes damage to a part of the heart muscle.
- Shortness of breath, persistent cough, chest pain, wheezing and edema are the characteristic symptoms of congestive heart failure.
The color of mucus changes to green and yellow, and you also experience fever combined with a congested chest, vomiting or diarrhea with cold and flu for more than 3 days, etc., consult a physician.
Parasites such as heartworm can be transmitted to dogs by mosquitoes. When these move on from the heart to the lungs, the breathing rhythm of the dog is affected. A heartworm-infested dog may wheeze and cough even after mild physical activity. Whistling sounds are usually heard when this parasitic infestation obstructs the flow of blood. The oxygen supply gets diminished and as a result, your dog may produce sounds while inhalation and exhalation.
Your dog makes a high-pitched whistling sound while breathing, it is your responsibility as a dog owner to consult a veterinarian to ascertain the underlying cause and have it treated at the earliest.
- By nature, phlegm can be described as a sticky, stringy and thick mucus which is present in the lungs.
- If it stays in the lungs, there is a possibility of that getting contaminated, which can additional aggravate the situation.
- It phlegm will be produced by the mucosal cells, which can be found at the lining of the respiratory an eye on the human body.
Difference Between Bacterial and Viral Bronchitis
As mentioned above, virus is the most common cause of bronchitis. The symptoms of viral bronchitis include fever, cough, chest pain, difficulty in breathing, etc. Similar symptoms are observed in case of bacterial bronchitis. But, note that, when suffering from bacterial infection, you will experience high fever and severe mucus-producing cough. As the symptoms of bacterial and viral bronchitis are more or less similar, only a doctor can differentiate between the two. Bacterial bronchitis can be severe, and is treated with antibiotics.
Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
It is a highly contagious bacterial infection of the respiratory tract. Dry cough, mild fever, sore throat, runny nose, etc., are the primary symptoms. In later stage, other symptoms like severe, mucus-producing cough, vomiting, etc., are observed.
- Symptoms of Broken Ribs Following are some of the symptoms you may notice.
- When you have suffered any kind of stress and encounter any of these symptoms, you ought to seek medical help immediately.
- Bronchial cough is distinguishable, as it is loud and almost hollow, sounding as if one can hear the lungs rattling inside.
- To take care of this kind of cough, one must smoothen the neck, meaning avoidance of cold fluids.
- Drink plenty of lukewarm water and steer clear of swallowing the phlegm.
- Consume a teaspoon of honey when your own throat will get irritated.
- Their tea made from ginger root, clove, and also cinnamon is equally beneficial.
- A teaspoon of natural onion juice, eaten early on in the morning, is said to relieve morning cough and congestion.
Patients With Localized Bullous Lung Problem can Get Good Benefits from Surgical Treatment
Surgery is the most preferred form of treatment if the bullae are large in size and the remaining portion of the lung is functioning well. However, in case the patient is suffering from chronic cough along with bullous lung disease, surgery is not one of the advisable forms of treatment. Since dyspnea is also caused because of bullae, so it often happens that a surgery directed towards the treatment of bullae cures the dyspnea, but the patient continues to suffer from bullous lung disease.
Acute Bronchitis is a Very Common Health Problem of the Winters
Mainly, it is caused by viral infection, but certain kind of bacterial infection can also lead to this condition. It is found that the disease develops after the infections of influenza or common cold. Other possible causal factors are smoke, dust, and harmful chemicals. These substances have suspended particles that are capable of causing irritation to the bronchial tubes and cause inflammation. Sometimes, the disease may occur after accidental inhalation of food or vomit. It may lead to asthma in severe cases.
Medical vocabulary: What does Infectious bronchitis virus mean
What does Infectious bronchitis virus mean in English?
Influenza (flu) and common cold are often confused with each other and used interchangeably, as a result of their particular typical signs or symptoms. But, there is a difference between the two. Although itchy tonsils is also observed in case of flu, the cough is actually non-mucus producing and dried up.
Bronchitis is a medical condition in which the air passages inside the lungs become painful or enflamed. Medically known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), it is often caused by an infection resulting right into a blockage of the main airway between windpipe and also the lungs.
- Bronchitis - It is a disease caused due to inflammation of the bronchial tubes.
- Symptoms include mucus-producing cough, low-grade fever, difficulty while breathing, chills, fatigue, etc.
Again, do remember, that these symptoms can be seen in infants even in case of other disorders. However, if they are seen within 24 hours of his bath, contact your medical practitioner immediately. Do not get paranoid though, this problem need not occur at every bathing instance of you kid, and if and when it does, immediate treatment will help you and your child will be alright within a matter of time.
Ginseng Ginseng contains active chemical components called ginsenosides, which helps to decrease the swelling and inflammation of the lungs by clearing the bronchial air ways. People with acute heart ailment or high blood pressure are also not recommended use of this herb.
Depending on the severity and duration of the infection, viral lung contamination signs may be classified accordingly. Since the lungs are exposed to pathogens, pollution, dangerous fumes etc. they are susceptible to various infections and also disorders. As soon as the virus enters the lungs from the nostrils or even mouth, it thrives in the lungs as well as with its development can cause viral lung infection. Although this kind of infection is common during winter months, the herpes virus also breeds in other seasons. The microbes assault the alveoli of the lungs and can lead to inflammation of the lung tissue. A failure or lapse for viral lung infection can result in organ injury, which may be permanent and also prove to be life-threatening.
Coughing is basically an instinctive reflex action or a defense mechanism that our body employs for expelling the foreign substances that may be irritating the airways. When the sensory receptors in the windpipe and the airways detect irritants or any foreign particles, the diaphragm and the muscles located within the ribs contract. This is followed by inhalation of air. When the inhaled air moves into the lungs, the epiglottis (the cartilage flap that covers the windpipe) and the larynx close so as to trap the inhaled air within the lungs.
The Abdominal Muscles and the Innermost Intercostal Muscles Contract
As a result, pressure in the lungs increase. The vocal cords relax and the larynx opens. This is followed by the expulsion of air from the lungs at a high velocity. The air that is forced out clears the foreign particles or irritants from the airways. Though coughing is not really a disease in itself, chronic cough is often a sign of respiratory tract infections. There may be a connection between cough and heart diseases. Let's find out if there is a cause-and-effect relationship between the two.
Can Humans Contract Kennel Cough?
As mentioned above, humans may well contract respiratory infection from dogs have been infected with kennel cough. Earlier, kennel cough wasn't considered a zoonotic disease (a disease that can spread from animals to humans). Although, there is no conclusive evidence to prove to the opposite, it has now been suggested that humans may produce symptoms of upper respiratory infection, when exposed to puppies along with kennel cough. Various cases have been reported so far, but there is no substantial evidence in order to demonstrate that this flu-like condition in humans, will be caused by exposure to dogs with kennel cough.
When pulmonary embolism is severe and life-threatening, the patient is immediately hospitalized. The doctors resort to definitive treatment such as thrombolytic therapy (clot dissolving or clot busting therapy) in order to dissolve the clot. Thrombolytics are medicines given to dissolve clots only in emergency situations. This is because these medicines can cause sudden bleeding. Moreover, pregnant women, people with hypertension, people who have incurred strokes recently, etc. are not given these thrombolytics. This is because the risk of bleeding is higher in these individuals.
Symptoms The symptoms in infants are very much similar to those in toddlers. Infants of age six months to one year can suffer from this condition after having a bath in bathtubs, toilets, big buckets, and washing machines. Infants playing with water in bathtubs are more likely to suffer. Check for the following symptoms after your child's bath. However, as mentioned before already, please do remember, this does not mean that whenever your child is in the bath, he/she has to experience this condition.
Milk and Honey
A glass of warm milk with honey can help do wonders in subsiding the intensity of the cough. Do not have a lot of milk, and instead just have about half a cup or so. Else, the chances of you throwing up as a result of your cough may increase. Do not have milk if you have fever as well, as it may make it difficult for the stomach to digest it properly.
- Dangers Dry drowning can be pretty scary.
- Here, water gets into the lungs of the child, and initially, it does not cause any harm.
- The effects are seen after approximately 24 hours.
- Due to this fluid, the lungs are not able to contract and expand.
- The effect of this is that the lungs are not able to extract oxygen from the inhaled air.
- This lack of oxygen causes the brain to starve for the same.
- Other vital organs also experience the effect of lack of oxygen.
- Now, you must be wondering from where water would possibly enter your child's lungs.
- One of the possible places is a swimming pool, where diving can cause water to enter in the lungs.
Swelling: this is a Common Symptom Which is Seen
Usually, swelling or slight discoloration of the chest might occur within minutes after an injury or accident. It's possible to observe hindrance while doing daily activities together with experiencing severe pain in the ribs.
- Chinese medicine has emerged as an alternative and an effective option for people who want to reduce their dependence on drugs.
- Not only are these herbs effective in treating various medical ailments, but these also do not cause any associated-risks in order to the body.
- We hope that this article would have helped you with some information on Chinese bronchitis medicine.