Virus Bronchitis: Difference Between Bronchitis and Bronchiolitis

Virus Bronchitis: Difference Between Bronchitis and Bronchiolitis

The human respiratory system consists of anatomical structures that act as passageway for inhaled air. The air that we breathe in, flows through the nasal passage and travels through the pharynx, larynx and the trachea. The trachea or the windpipe branches further into the right and left bronchial tubes. The bronchial tubes branch out into smaller branches that are called bronchioles. Clusters of tiny sacs, also referred to as alveolar sacs, are located at the end of the bronchioles. These sacs are surrounded by thin-walled capillaries.

The oxygen from these tiny sacs is passed on into the capillaries, while carbon dioxide from the capillaries is released into the sacs, and is then exhaled out. While the air supplies us with the life-giving oxygen, there are unwanted environmental irritants, allergens or pathogens that we may inhale. Inhalation of these substances can cause inflammation of the airways. The terms 'bronchitis' and 'bronchiolitis' refer to the inflammation of the bronchi and bronchioles respectively. Now that you have a basic idea about the anatomy of the respiratory system, let's learn about the difference between bronchitis and bronchiolitis.

Licorice Tea

The ancient health beverage of the Chinese herbalists, Greeks and Romans, licorice is also another reliable home remedy to get rid of cough and cold. Having demulcent and expectorant properties, licorice tea aids in the expulsion of the phlegm from the respiratory tract, while soothing the sinus cavities and throat. Licorice tea is especially good for productive cough. Seep the roots in boiling water for about 10 minutes and strain it. You can add a sweetener to the beverage if you don't like the strong flavor.

  • Coughing is caused due to sudden irritation in the air passage or as a reflex action for any nervous or a gastric disorder.
  • A normal cough will make itself appear upon the production of phlegm, where, the body will involuntarily try to cough up the phlegm.
  • People may also suffer from cough after eating ice cream or after eating and drinking other cold food products.
  • However, if it happens to be of a chronic nature then this is something that has to be examined without delay.
  • The above said is only a brief overview about how to take care of bronchitis in babies.
  • This article is only for informational purposes and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.
  • Mullein Mullein constitutes coumarin and hesperidin, that have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiviral, bactericidal, and fungicidal properties.
  • It has been used as an alternative medicine to cure respiratory problems.

Costochondritis This is a lung disease that causes a lot of burning in the chest and is brought on by the inflammation of the cartilage and bones in the chest wall. When the sternum (the point joining the rib bones and the breast bones) becomes inflamed and irritated, it can cause a lot of pain and can be accompanied by varied degrees of cough. Costochondritis could be brought on by a fungal or bacterial infection and can lead to a severe cough with a burning chest to follow. Other than that, a trauma incident wherein there is an injury suffered that affects the sternum can also lead to an inflammation of the chest, chest congestion and cause bouts of cough and burning sensations in the chest region.

  • Causes Numerous reasons can cause collection of air/gas around the lungs.
  • The air caught can be air from outside the body or from the lung itself.

Excessive Coughing: The infant experiences frequent bouts of coughing. The particular recurring stubborn coughing, also negatively impacts the voice. The cough is your bodys a reaction to accumulated mucus in the lungs or the chest. The voice becomes hoarse and the body will try to get rid of mucus buildup through coughing.

  • Basil This herb has antibacterial and antiviral properties, that help soothe an inflamed throat .
  • A cup of basil-infused herbal tea is recommended to help clear the mucus from the nose.
  • However, this herb is not advisable for pregnant women.
  • As a summation of the above, remember that viral bronchitis is caused due to the same virus that causes cold and flu.
  • Therefore, if suffering from these conditions, you should get them treated immediately in order to prevent viral bronchitis.

Important Facts on Acute Bronchitis

Major Symptoms.

The main feature sign of this illness is a nagging cough or perhaps a hacking cough. This is one symptom of the problem that, more often than not, lingers even long after other symptoms are gone. In most cases, the cough is often a successful one; meaning, it causes a eliminate of heavy sputum which may be clear, white, green, or yellow-gray. Frequent hacking and coughing may be wearying for the little ones, and may make chest and stomach muscles blister. And also to aggravate the cough, other signs that might take place are:In young children, mom and dad can understand all such signs and symptoms, but the story is different when the problem occurs in babies. Given to their age, they are not able to verbally communicate where did they are feeling, with the exception of crying as well as showing signs of not being at ease and more cranky than normal.

Coughing, repeated blowing of the nasal due to mucus accumulating, problems within breathing . these are common signs of bronchitis, an infection of the lungs. It is commonly associated with asthma victims or a negative cold. But what if such signs repeat themselves, in a period of time? And if so, is actually as well as for how long is bronchitis contagious? There are 2 main types of bronchitis, acute and chronic. In this article, we take an in-depth consider the second option form, is actually chronic bronchitis infectious, and what can be done to ease treatment plans.

Case of habitual smokers, with considerable lung damage, the wise thing to do would be to enroll in a lung detoxification program. As the accumulated toxins are being removed or coughed out, the color of mucus would start changing. Once the remnants of tar have been removed, the mucus you may cough or spit out would be bereft of black or brown specks. If, however, violent coughing persists or you see blood in mucus after quitting smoking, the wise thing to do would be to consult a doctor at the earliest. Sputum analysis, blood tests, chest X-ray and other imaging procedures would help the doctors assess the extent of damage caused due to smoking. Doctors may also provide you with some tips on tackling the smoking withdrawal symptoms.

Infectious Bronchitis Virus IBV Prof Dr H M Hafez Free University Berlin

Infectious Bronchitis Virus IBV Prof Dr H M Hafez Free University Berlin.

Types of Fungal Lung Infection

Pulmonary aspergilloma affects the open spaces in the body. They occupy the space or cavities in the lungs created by the preexisting lung disorder. In some cases, the infection may also spread to the ear canals and sinuses. The infection often resembles a tangled mass, which consists of fungus fiber, white blood cells and blood clots. When the condition is not treated, it is seen, that the ball grows in size and destroys the lung tissue.

Chronic Bronchitis:

A person is said to have developed chronic bronchitis if he/she continues to experience the above symptoms daily and for at least three months. And if this continues for two years in a row, then it is a confirmed case of chronic bronchitis. In this case, the cough becomes more severe than before, and the patient may find it more difficult to breathe as the condition worsens. Other symptoms that may surface include headaches, muscle aches, and cyanosis. Chronic bronchitis is mostly caused due to smoking and not any infections. So, if fever occurs along with the above symptoms, then it may indicate a secondary bacterial or viral infection.

There are Two Types of Bronchitis

Acute and chronic. Acute bronchitis can cause severe symptoms that may last for a few days to a week. The symptoms can be acute or extreme in chronic bronchitis, which may also last longer. While acute bronchitis is often discovered to be brought on by viral or bacterial infection, persistent ones are usually found to be caused by allergies that develop from irritants, smoke, etc. Bronchitis being a common problem in babies, it will be recommended for the mother and father to have a fair understanding about it.

  • Treatment Medical conditions such as bronchitis and kennel cough should not be ignored.
  • Bronchitis, heartworm disease and pneumonia have virtually identical symptoms, therefore, an X-ray would help in the correct diagnosis.

Spontaneous: This has sudden symptoms and is not a result of permanent injury to lungs. It has two types - primary and secondary. The former is observed in people who do not have any medical history of any lung disease. Smoking is considered as its chief cause. Proximity in order to loud sound, scuba diving, sudden change in atmospheric pressure, and so on., can be some other contributing factors. The latter is seen in people who already have problems with a lung disorder, such as COPD, asthma, etc. COPD has been seen to be the most common reason.

Benefits of Taking Herbal Tea

A number of benefits of herbal tea can be availed by the consumption of this beverage. Herbal tea can be used as a remedy for dry as well as wet (or productive) cough. Here are some of the positive effects of taking a cup of herbal tea. These herbal teas can also be given to children. Sipping hot herbal tea and inhaling the steam emanating from it, helps control the symptoms and also speeds up the recovery time of this respiratory illness.

  • One of the most common risk or side effect that can occur in people suffering from whooping cough is secondary infection.
  • The infection in the lungs can worsen and lead to bacterial pneumonia.
  • You must be aware that pneumonia of any kind can be serious and life-threatening.
  • Therefore, more than 50% of the cases of the total number of deaths caused due to whooping cough, are caused due to bacterial pneumonia.
  • It should be noted that the effects of bacterial pneumonia are more pronounced and severe in babies and children.

Please Remember

Dry drowning is not a very common occurrence, i.e., it need not necessarily take place every time your child dives while swimming or every time your baby is in the bath tub. So, parents, please do not really panic, as this is a rare phenomenon, which occurs as long as the particular kid accidentally stays underwater for more than a few seconds, so do not be negligent on your part, and also keep a watch upon your child till he/she is done with the bath, and throughout diving, (for bigger kids), make sure the actual tutor is actually close by so that he or she can keep a watch on the child's movements.

Treatment for Bronchitis in Babies

If bronchitis is viral in origin (as noticed in most cases), it will run its course till the condition decreases on its own. The only thing a doctor can perform is to relieve the symptoms with medication and to prevent issues like pneumonia. You may notice any of the above said symptoms in your baby, get the condition diagnosed. Take him/her to be able to the doctor, who will discover the level of congestion with a stethoscope. Pulmonary function will be evaluated with spirometry. In some cases, X-rays as well as blood tests may also be recommended. Just in case the problem is caused by bacterial infection, antibiotics is going to be prescribed. Nonetheless, antibiotics is not at all needed regarding viral bronchitis.

Types of Infant Bronchitis

Bronchitis in infants can be either acute or chronic; In acute bronchitis, the onset of contamination is sudden. Although, this is a severe form of bronchitis, the infection lasts for a short while. On the other hand, in chronic respiratory disease, the infection gradually invades the airways, which lasts for a long time.

Bronchitis in Babies

Causes and Symptoms As mentioned above, the most common cause of bronchitis in babies is trojans. Among them, the respiratory syncytial virus is found to be the most common one that affects infants. Others include parainfluenza, mycoplasma, adenovirus, and so on. However, bacterial infections and toxic stimulants that trigger allergy symptoms can also cause infant bronchitis. The onset of this condition is characterized with runny nose and sneezing, along with a slightly excessive body temperature.

Within a couple of days, the baby will start a dry cough. The cough will worsen within a short period as well as the infant may produce yellow to greenish mucous (while coughing). He/she may also start gagging and also retching, in addition to cough. Some youngsters may also develop minor chest pain and coughing. In the event of severe bronchitis, temperature may also intensify. It will take some time for the cough to subside, despite the fact that the condition is relieved.

  • Pneumothorax, also referred to as lung collapse, is the result of unwanted atmosphere trapped around the lungs.
  • The lung collapses as it can't expand in the normal fashion, because of presence of unwanted air/gas.
  • This condition can be classified into three sorts, namely, spontaneous, tension, and trauma pneumothorax.
  • Read the paragraphs below to be able to know about the causes, symptoms, as well as treatment of pneumothorax.
Short, bronchitis is a condition that is common in babies and it can be relieved with proper treatment and also care. However, consult your pediatrician at the earliest in order to get the problem diagnosed properly. You may prevent recurrence of bronchitis (in the baby) to some extent by maintaining good health with frequent hand washing, adequate intake of liquids, proper relaxation and sleep. Keep the child away from infected children, secondhand smoke cigarettes and other irritants and things that trigger allergies.

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