10/18/2019

Cause Of Bronchitis: Dry Cough at Night

Cause Of Bronchitis: Dry Cough at Night

Dry or wet cough is not a disease but a symptom of some other medical conditions that might affect the body. It may interfere with sleep, and daily functioning of the affected person. In most cases, a dry cough (also known as a non-productive cough) usually worsens at night.

Home Remedies to Stop Coughing In case the cough persists for more than 3-4 days, or is accompanied with other symptoms, it is recommended to consult the doctor immediately. Secondly, it is also advised to take medication only after consulting the doctor.

  • When one develops bronchitis, it can be in an acute form occurring due to a bacterial, or viral infection.
  • It is mostly a viral infection, and hence, antibiotic therapy is not of much use.
  • Pneumonia, on the other hand, can occur due to a variety of factors.
  • It can either be community-acquired infection, or a nosocomial infection.
  • It, generally affects immunocompromised individuals, like children, the elderly, pregnant women, etc.
  • The main causative agent of pneumonia is the bacterium called Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Dextromethorphan is considered safe to be used during pregnancy. However, one animal study has found dextromethorphan to cause birth defects in chick embryos. But this study is not considered very reliable, and hence dextromethorphan is usually considered safe for pregnant women. But pregnancy is the period where one needs to maintain a lot of precautions, and so, pregnant women should use the drugs that contain dextromethorphan only after consulting their physicians.

  • Inhalation of airborne sinus and respiratory secretions of the infected individual can result in the transmission of the virus.
  • It might be best to avoid physical contact with a person who has cold, flu, or pneumonia.
  • Transmission of the virus can be prevented if the infected individuals cover their mouth and nasal area although sneezing or coughing.
  • Food allergies are not very well-known in causing chest congestion; however, their impact is eminent in nature.
  • Increased levels of histamine in the lungs causes the individual to succumb to this trouble.
  • As histamine is produced in the lungs, the soft tissue become inflamed; thereby, restricting the airways.
  • Known to be a chemical in the body, histamine protects the body from infection; however, it can cause inflammation.
  • When you ingest the food item you are allergic to, the immune system reacts to the proteins in that food, treating them as harmful.
  • The body reacts by creating Immunoglobulin E (IgE) -- antibodies that defend it.
  • The production of IgE antibodies causes cells in the lungs to produce histamine.
  • There are some people who are allergic to milk and other dairy products.
  • They cause allergic asthma in an individual.

Increase Water Intake

Drinking plenty of water also provides the same effect. Consuming adequate water throughout the day helps to thin out the mucus, making it easier to drain. So, at night one may get relief from chest congestion and cough.

Influenza Viruses

Influenza, which is commonly known as flu, is a respiratory infection that is caused by any of the strains of The flu trojans. The incidence of flu is higher during winter or early spring. The onset of the infection is marked by signs such as headaches, chills, and cough. The affected individual may feel other signs such as a fever, loss of appetite, muscle mass aches, fatigue, runny nose, irritated throat, sneezing, watery eyes, and so forth. At times, this upper respiratory tract infection can worsen into pneumonia.

  • Doctors may also recommend painkillers, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug treatments, or perhaps bronchodilators.
  • Doctors may also follow a symptomatic strategy and prescribe certain drugs to alleviate the signs and symptoms which have been showed by the patient.
  • The affected person is usually asked to take rest and also increase his/her consumption of fluids.

Cough suppressants are the medications that suppress the urge to cough. Another type of cough medicine is expectorant. The basic difference between an expectorant and a cough suppressant is that the expectorant thins the mucus and promotes its expulsion, while a cough suppressant reduces or suppresses the urge to cough.

  • Fenugreek Fenugreek seeds are rich in mucilage, lipids, and protease inhibitors, and is used to treat sore throat.
  • It also helps to remove mucus and phlegm from the air passages.
  • Respiratory tract infections tend to be characterized by inflamed airways, that restrict passage of air.
  • The air sacs in the lungs could also get full of pus or fluids.
  • This affects the exchange of oxygen from the alveoli to the bloodstream.
  • This causes inhaling and exhaling problems which may be accompanied by other signs and symptoms like as:

Treatment and Prevention

The treatment of a viral lung infection involves the use of antiviral drugs. Because common cold and flu could progress to be able to pneumonia, the use of anti-flu drugs such as amantadine, rimantadine, oseltamivir, or zanamivir can certainly prove beneficial. If the causal patient could be the RSV, doctors may recommend ribavirin. Palivizumab is another medicine that can help to prevent infections caused by RSV.

Viruses that induce Pneumonia Viral pneumonia could be caused by the next viruses:

  • Varicella-zoster virus as well as herpes simplex virus could also result in pneumonia in adults with a weak immune system.
  • Though adenoviruses usually result in upper respiratory tract infections, these could sometimes cause bronchiolitis or pneumonia in young children.
  • Allergy to molds can also cause this health issue.
  • Dust mites and molds have a higher degree of infestation, especially during winters.
  • Dust mites are spider-like creatures that are invisible to the naked eye.
  • They are found predominantly on bedding.

The anatomical buildings of the human respiratory method are usually divided into the upper and lower respiratory tract. While the upper respiratory tract includes the nasal passages, pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), and trachea (windpipe), the lower respiratory tract consists of the lungs and the bronchial tubes. The lungs, which are paired, sponge-like organs based in the chest cavity, play an extremely important role in the process of respiration. The air that we take a breath penetrates the actual trachea, through where it is carried to the lungs from the two main branches of the trachea (bronchial tubes).

The exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen happens in alveoli, which are microscopic sacs that exist in the lungs. Medically referred to as pneumonia, a lung contamination takes place when pathogens such as bacteria, infections, or fungus type in the lungs and multiply. A viral lung infection, as the name suggests, is contamination that is caused by a virus. Viruses that cause common cold or flu in many cases are responsible for causing pneumonia. These viruses can spread to people if they come in contact with the breathing secretions of the infected people or make use of their personal belongings. Infections can be transported if a person variations polluted surfaces.

  • Coughing is a type of reflex action that begins when the sensory nerves of the respiratory system are stimulated by different irritants.
  • By coughing, the body tries to flush out the irritants and foreign particles that have entered the respiratory passage.
  • Dry cough and wet cough are the two types of cough that people commonly suffer from.
  • Dry cough can cause a lot of discomfort, especially in the night, and can also deprive the person of sleep and rest.
  • It is common in children, but many adults, too, suffer.
  • With the help of medications and remedies, it is essential to prevent it from turning into a persistent or chronic cough.
  • Persistent, chronic dry cough can be very difficult to treat, and takes a long time to cure completely.
  • Do not utilize the personal belongings of an infected person.
  • Refrain from pressing floors that may have been touched by the infected person.
  • Wash your hands with an antiseptic handwash frequently.

Rapid Breathing

Wheezing Shortness of breath on exertion If a person displays the aforementioned signs, doctors may perform a physical examination and study the patient's medical history. Certain diagnostic tests may be carried out to see if a person has pneumonia or not. These include:

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)

Respiratory Syncytial Computer virus (RSV) is associated with lung infections in infants, as well as young children. Given that this kind of virus can get transmitted in order to people through person-to-person contact or inhalation of respiratory secretions, outbreaks are common in schools as well as daycare stores. This can also affect immunocompromised children as well as adults.

Cough Fever Chills Headache Malaise Nasal congestion Sore throat Body aches Loss of appetite Fatigue Cough with sputum Labored breathing

Problems in the Heart Valves

In some forms of valve diseases, the valves do not open up or close properly and part of the blood is always drawn towards the lungs or it moves backward through the valve. Free flow of blood into the heart is also not possible when a valve becomes narrow. Therefore, the pressure in the left ventricle increases as it tries to put extra efforts during each contraction to pump out maximum amount of blood into the lungs. The pressure, thus built up, also exerts a force on the left atrium and the pulmonary veins which causes fluid in the lungs.

Mental Illness

Poor physical health is not the only reason behind occurrence of this cold sensation that causes shivering without fever. People suffering from emotional problems like anxiety disorders (panic attacks) could get this sudden cold feeling from time to time. Visible shivering is often considered as a body's natural response to fear resulting from anxious thoughts. Nervousness, dry mouth and a reduction in body temperature also accompany during anxiety disorders.

Symptoms as Well as Diagnosis

The early the signs of a viruslike lung infection are very similar to that of flu. This is due to the fact that viruses that cause flu can also cause irritation of the airways and the lungs. If left untreated, common cold or flu could development to pneumonia.

  • Mix 5-10 grams of donkey-hide gelatin in hot water.
  • Let the mixture cool down, and drink.
  • You can also use wine, instead of water.
  • This is a traditional Chinese home remedy used to relieve dry cough and other common illnesses.
  • Lobelia Lobelia is the Indian tobacco, which is a highly toxic herb.
  • Therefore, it is always recommended in very small doses.
  • It is used to treat respiratory conditions such as asthma, bronchitis, and severe coughing.

Lastly, note that nearly all the respiratory disorders can be treated by avoiding smoking and exposure to air pollutions. Secondly, following a balanced diet, and exercising regularly will help in boosting immunity which also helps in keeping infections at bay. Take care!

The problem of accumulation of fluid inside the lungs is detected with the help of chest X-ray. If it is diagnosed at an early stage, then it can be treated with the help of oral medicines. Doctors identify the underlying cause of fluid leakage and prescribe suitable medicines to treat that particular condition. However, in case, there is an excessive fluid build up within the lungs, the patient need emergency medical treatment where he or she is first put on a mechanical ventilator in order to restore supply of oxygen into the bloodstream. It is accompanied by administration of medicines to improve the heart function and removal of fluid from the lungs.
  • Marshmallow Marshmallow roots and leaves contain a gummy substance called mucilage.
  • It is mixed with water to form a gel, which may be applied to the throat to reduce irritation.
  • Viral pneumonia is really a milder form, when compared to bacterial pneumonia.
  • More often than not, the symptoms resolve within three weeks.
  • Nonetheless, hospitalization may be needed in severe cases.
  • Oxygen therapy may be required for a person experiencing breathing problems.

Complete Blood Count (CBC)

Blood culture Chest X-rays Sputum analysis Bronchoscopy is another process that may be conducted to examine the bronchial tubes. Sometimes, pulse oximetry may well be done to measure the amount of oxygen in a person's blood.

Administration of virus vaccines or immunization shots could lower a person's chance of getting affected by flu, or pneumonia which will develop as a result of flu.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Forceful coughing at night has also been attributed to acid reflux disease, a condition in which stomach acid travels in the backward direction and reaches the food pipe and the throat. This happens because the food pipe shows its inability to close properly. This abnormal back flow of stomach acid triggers a burning sensation in the chest and dry or mucus generating cough. Acid reflux coughing may begin soon after a heavy meal. In some cases, stomach acid that has accessed the throat may gain entry to the lungs. So, the coughing action associated with acid reflux is the body's mechanism of eliminating the trapped corrosive acid in the lungs.

Following the aforementioned steps can lower the risk of respiratory infections. At times, bacterial pneumonia could take place in addition to viral pneumonia, or may occur after viral pneumonia. Bacterial pneumonia is believed to be a more severe form, which is why medical help must be immediately sought to take care of viral pneumonia at the earliest.

Parainfluenza Viruses

Human parainfluenza virus kind 2 and Human parainfluenza virus type 3 may possibly also result in lower respiratory tract infections. These viruses can cause severe pneumonia in people who are immunocompromised. Infections caused by Human parainfluenza virus type 3 are likely to affect babies.

The incidence of viral lung infections is likely to be high regarding immunocompromised persons, which is why steps must be taken by this kind of individuals to be able to prevent the recurrence of pneumonia. These include:

Emphysema & Bronchitis: COPD

How has 2016 been for you this far? I hope you are off to a good start! I know a lot of you have just started or returned to nursing school. Hopefully you got some ...

  • Drink a lot of Fluids: Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day.
  • Be it soups, herbal teas, or plain warm water.
  • Drinking lots of fluids will thin the mucus and make coughing up white mucus easier, also it will decrease the span of infection.

Popular home remedy to manage cough is chewing ginger. Every night before going to bed, put a small piece of freshly cut ginger in your mouth, and chew it slowly and swallow the juice. Also, you can prepare a paste of ginger and honey, and use it whenever needed.

Researchers say that almost all smokers know the implications smoking has on their health, but it is difficult for them to give it up as they are addicted to it. Awareness about the ill-effects of smoking can educate a smoker, but it takes a lot of effort to get rid of this addiction. There are several programs that can help one to quit smoking, including medication and therapies. It is very difficult to wake up one morning and decide that you are not going to smoke, instead you should take the help of a counselor who can help you in getting over this addiction gradually.

  • Bell Pepper: Bell pepper is a natural expectorant.
  • So, add it to your diet, and try to eat at least one meal in a day which has bell pepper in it.
  • It will help to thin out the mucus, and it will be easy to cough it out.

Mentholated products like Vicks VapoRub can be rubbed on the chest to get temporary relief from the symptoms. If you have not been able to sleep comfortably due to nasal stuffiness, then consider sleeping in a slightly elevated position by putting some pillows at the top end of your mattress. Apart from these, you can try some safe remedies like honey added to a glass of warm water or a glass of orange or lemon juice. A warm shower, steam inhalation, drinking hot soup, and zinc lozenges are some other simple ways to get rid of the problem.

Other Causes

Other conditions associated with a nocturnal dry cough or a dry cough that aggravates at night include: Self-Care Measures Treatment of dry cough depends on its underlying cause. That is why, it is crucial to determine what is causing the cough, and take appropriate measures for treating it. Apart from following a doctor's advice, the following self-care measures can be taken to reduce discomfort and manage the symptoms.

Coughing and other such withdrawal symptoms can cause a lot of inconvenience to the individual and force him to relapse. These problems generally begin a day or two after he stops smoking and continue for 2 - 3 weeks. The fact that many people relapse during the first two weeks shows that coughing is one of the most severe nicotine withdrawal symptoms of the lot, such that despite being aware of these immediate effects, quitting is not easy.

Apart from dextromethorphan, some physicians can recommend Sudafed for treating cough during pregnancy. The active ingredients of this cough medication are, pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine, which are decongestants. These two ingredients can affect the supply of blood to the placenta, if used frequently. Generally, pregnant women are advised to avoid these two decongestants, or the medications that contain them for the first 13 weeks of pregnancy to avoid any possible risk to the developing fetus. The risk of birth defects associated with the use of pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine during pregnancy is quite low, but it could be higher for women who smoke.

PDF File Download this page in .pdf.