Respiratory Infection Bronchitis: Diseases of the Lung
Bronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchi, the main air passages to the lungs, it typically follows a viral respiratory infection. You must have a cough with mucus most days of the month for at least 3 months to be diagnosed with chronic bronchitis. The symptoms of either kind of bronchitis include: Cough that produces mucus; if yellow green in colour, you happen to be more likely to have a bacterial infection Shortness of breath worsened by exertion or mild activity Even after acute bronchitis has cleared, you may have a dry, nagging cough that lingers for several weeks.
- Bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining of your bronchial tubes, which carry air to and from.
- Bronchitis may be either acute or chronic.
- Chronic bronchitis, a more serious ailment, is a persistent irritation or inflammation of the bronchial tubes, frequently on account of smoking.
- Chronic bronchitis is one of the conditions included in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Viral pathogens are the most common reason for respiratory infection in travelers; causative agents comprise rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, influenza virus, parainfluenza virus, human metapneumovirus, measles, mumps, adenovirus, and coronavirus. Clinicians also have to contemplate new viral reasons for respiratory infection in travelers, including Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) Coronavirus, avian influenza H5N1 (referred to as H5N1), and avian influenza H7N9 (referred to as H7N9).
Particular travelers have an increased risk for respiratory tract infection, including children, the elderly, and people with comorbid pulmonary ailments, like asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Unique scenarios that could necessitate medical intervention comprise the following: Vaccines are offered to prevent quite a few of respiratory diseases, including influenza, S. pneumoniae infection, H. influenzae type B infection (in young children), pertussis, diphtheria, varicella, and measles.
How Does Smoking Trigger COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is one of the leading causes of mortality in adults and as estimated 100,000 people die each year because of this condition. COPD is a progressive disease, that is, with time the disease progresses, and...
Chronic bronchitis treatment Respiratory system diseases NCLEX-RN Khan Academy
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Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Symptoms and Treatment
Sinus infection (sinusitis) symptoms may include headaches, a sore throat, and toothaches. Allergies may cause chronic sinusitis and can continue up to three months. Antibiotics and home remedies can alleviate sinus infection (sinusitis) symptoms.
Lower Respiratory Tract Infection
Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), while frequently used as a synonym for pneumonia, may also be placed on other types of disease including lung abscess and acute bronchitis. Antibiotics are the first line treatment for pneumonia; nevertheless, they are ineffective or signaled for viral or parasitic infections. Acute bronchitis can be defined as acute bacterial or viral illness of the larger airways in healthy patients without a history of persistent disorder. Treatment of acute bronchitis with antibiotics is common but contentious as their use has only moderate benefit weighted against possible side effects (nausea and vomiting), increased resistance, and price of treatment in a self-limiting illness. Antibiotics can be given to patients with acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis while acute bronchitis often doesn't require antibiotic treatment.