Bronchitis Erkltung: Lung Diseases List
The lungs are one of the most important organs of our body. It helps in the process of breathing and together with heart it performs the purification of blood via supply of oxygen. Any kind of problem with the lungs may result in life-threatening consequences. Air is taken in in the body through the nostrils and is directly received by the lungs. This reveals the lungs to a lot of infections and diseases that if not taken treatment over time may even lead to passing away. So, keep a note of the list of lung illnesses and try to protect yourself from obtaining them.
- Bronchitis: In case of bronchitis, the air passage from the windpipe to the lungs receives irritated.
- Smokers are more likely to suffer from this condition.
- Chronic bronchitis can lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
- Patients of chronic bronchitis have cough for a long time.
- Inflammation of the wind pipe to the lungs results in severe discomfort.
- The particular mucus will be thick, yellow, and greenish.
- At times, the pressure might increase to such an extent that it might lead to cardiovascular dysfunction.
- This is scientifically referred to as tension pneumothorax.
- If not treated, it may even lead to death.
- Symptoms The main symptoms of this condition are cough and shortness of breath (SOB).
- SOB can be termed as dyspnea.
- The patient affected by SOB, experiences unpleasant sensations in the respiratory tract.
Self-care Measures Here are a few self-care measures to be taken at home if the condition does not show any serious symptoms:Things to AvoidWet Cough in Children
Lungs are the Respiratory Organs of the Human Body
They contain tube like structures called the bronchial tubes or airways through which the air passes. When the airways are exposed to tobacco, dust, or other chemical substances for a long period of time, it is likely that a person may develop bronchitis.
Home Remedies Remember, even after you have determined the cause, and your cough persists despite making use of the above-mentioned home remedies, it is recommended that you visit a doctor for further treatment.
- Treatment It is necessary, that the cause of wet cough is detected to rule out any serious medical condition.
- The methods used to diagnose the condition include chest X-rays, sputum analysis, and blood tests.
Kennel cough can be caused by viruses and (or) bacteria, but it has been noted that most cases of kennel cough are caused by the bacteria called Bordetella bronchiseptica, which infect the windpipe of dogs (bordetellosis). Among the viral agents of this disease, parainfluenza virus is the most common. Dogs with viral kennel cough may also develop bacterial (Bordetella) infection simultaneously.
Major Diseases Other Disease Lung Disease Symptoms and Treatments
The symptoms of the lung diseases entirely depends upon its type. The signs and symptoms may also vary from person to person as the opposition power of the body also matters. Cough, shortness of breath, wheezing, fatigue, chills, shaking, multiplied heartbeat, etc., are some of the most common symptoms. Chronic lung disease may result in blood in the course of coughing, failure in order to breathe, chest pain, etc. These types of signs and symptoms can be treated as soon as possible to prevent problems.
Treatment Will Also Rely on the Type of Disease
Antibiotics, supplemental vitamins, anesthetics, inhalers, etc., are some of the common treatments. Regarding severe problem non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIV), chest physiotherapy, supplemental oxygen therapy, and so forth., may be given. Lung diseases caused by smoking like emphysema and asthma, can be treated only when the person stops cigarette smoking.
You carefully observe the definition of 'asthmatic bronchitis', it consists of two pulmonary diseases, 'asthma' as well as 'bronchitis', both of them being listed under the category of Chronic Obstructive Lung Diseases (COPD). Bronchitis is a condition wherein inflammation occur in the bronchial pipes which are meant to supply air to and from our own lungs. This inflammation can result in narrowing of the airways which can lead to breathing difficulties. On the other hand, asthma also leads to narrowing from the airway muscles due to irritation.
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When Both These Types of Problems Co-Exist Together, It is Known as Asthmatic Bronchitis
The prefix of the word 'chronic' indicates that the condition has become very persistent that it has led to excessive obstruction inside the bronchial tubes. Mucous production can be observed in this condition leading to wet cough and wheezing. Have you been wondering if asthmatic bronchitis is contagious? Although, bronchitis is certainly contagious, chronic labored breathing bronchitis just isn't considered to be a contagious condition!
Diagnosis Checking the FEV1/FVC ratio is one of the major diagnostic methods. FEV1 is defined as the amount of air that a person's lungs can blow out in one second, whereas FVC is the value that indicates the total oxygen a person's lungs can blow after full respiration. These types of ratios are higher in people affected by this medical condition. The total ability and also residual volume is also checked. The patient diagnosed with this kind of condition exhibits a general decline in the normal values of residual volume as well as total volume. It is necessary for the entire capacity to be less than 80% of their normal worth in order to ensure the disorder in the patient. Aside from pulmonary function testing, diagnostic procedures such as torso X-rays, CT scan, pulse oximetry, or bronchoscopy could be performed.
Can be a Little Different for Children
While older children have the ability and senses to spit out the mucus, younger children will swallow it. This tends to cause upset stomachs and stomach aches. While the infection will not really spread to the stomach, the discomfort for the child will increase. Persistent coughing in children can also be due to whooping cough. Hence, it is very important that one contacts the doctor at the earliest.
Cough is a sudden and repetitive reflex that helps clear the large breathing passages from secretions, irritants, foreign bodies, and microbes. It is important to note that, it is not a disease, but a self-defense mechanism of the body, which is triggered by the presence of unwanted particles in the respiratory tract. Coughing can be a voluntary or an involuntary action. Phlegm is a sticky, slimy secretion, produced to get rid of the foreign body. Phlegm, also called post nasal drip, is a manifestation of cold, sinusitis, and pneumonia, which leads to excessive mucus in throat. All of us have suffered from phlegm, which may be as a result of common cold, bronchitis, or an infection. Chronic cough and phlegm should not be neglected, as it can be a result of a serious lung condition. As a matter of fact, cough with phlegm is better than persistent cough with no secretion, as accumulation of phlegm can lead to chest infection or other health complications.
- Congested nose and torso with mild mucus along with a runny nose may not be dangerous.
- However, symptoms like a sore throat, fever, soreness, yellow or green mucus, diarrhea, vomiting, and so forth., may signal an actual issue like flu.
When we ingest food, that passes from the throat, through a tube known as the esophagus as well as into the stomach where it is waste. Just before it enters the stomach though, it has to pass through a small opening between the stomach and the esophagus. This gap closes as soon as the food passes into the stomach. If this type of space does not close fast enough, the acids from the stomach can travel back to the wind pipe and trigger acid reflux. Together with leading to bloating and burning in the stomach and upper body, it can also lead to coughing with acrid belching.
- To stop a sinus cough, you must strictly avoid all those allergens that can increase coughing.
- Smokers should stop smoking.
- Non-smokers should avoid exposure to secondhand smoking.
- There are some foods that increase mucus production.
- They are caffeine, desserts, dairy products, fatty foods, etc.
- When you are suffering from sinus cough, you must either stop eating all these substances or at least minimize their intake until the cough subsides.
- The worst part of a sinus cough is that it worsens at night as the post nasal drip drains at the back of the mouth when you lie done.
- Coughing at night can be controlled by elevating the head with a few extra pillows.
Case of severe cough, you should have plenty of water and orange juice, until the symptoms are reduced. In addition to this juice fast, you should adopt an all-fruit diet for about 2-3 days. Follow a balanced diet that includes raw or lightly cooked vegetables, fresh fruits, and whole-grain cereals. Avoid consumption of meats, pickles, condiments, processed foods, sugar, coffee, tea, soft drinks, and all products that are prepared from sugar and white flour.
Hospitalized patients may be at a greater risk of catching an infection due to their weakened immune system. Regarding a person affected by a bacterial infection, it has been seen that there is a likelihood of germs spreading to others also a couple of days after the patient starts off the course of antibiotics. So, it would be best to avoid contact with a person who has been diagnosed with a lower respiratory tract infection. The patients' must also make an effort to prevent the infection from dispersing to others.
Covering Their Face While Coughing or Even Sneezing May Help to a Great Extent
Family members will need to take precautions until the patient recovers through the infection completely. Numerous viruses that might lead to lung infections can also easily spread to be able to others through physical make contact with. There is a great chance for one creating an infection if one's immune system is already weak. If you recently retrieved from a disease, make sure that you avoid contact with any person who has been diagnosed with cool, flu, or pneumonia.