Pneumoniae Bronchitis: Acute bronchitis
With the most common organism being Mycoplasma pneumoniae nonviral agents cause only a small portion of acute bronchitis illnesses. Study findings indicate that Chlamydia pneumoniae may be another nonviral cause of acute bronchitis. The obstructive symptoms of acute bronchitis, as determined by spirometric studies, are extremely similar to those of moderate asthma. In one study. Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV), mean forced expiratory flow during the middle of forced vital capacity (FEF) and peak flow values decreased to less than 80 percent of the predicted values in almost 60 percent of patients during episodes of acute bronchitis.
Recent Epidemiologic Findings of Serologic Evidence of C
Pneumoniae infection in adults with new-onset asthma indicate that untreated chlamydial infections may have a role in the transition from the intense inflammation of bronchitis to the chronic inflammatory changes of asthma. Patients with acute bronchitis usually have a viral respiratory infection with ephemeral inflammatory changes that create symptoms and sputum of airway obstruction. Evidence of reversible airway obstruction when not infected Symptoms worse during the work week but have a tendency to improve during vacations, holidays and weekends Persistent cough with sputum production on a daily basis for at least three months Upper airway inflammation and no signs of bronchial wheezing Signs of infiltrate on the chest radiograph Signs of increased interstitial or alveolar fluid on the chest radiograph Typically related to a precipitating event, such as smoke inhalation Signs of reversible airway obstruction even when not infected Symptoms worse during the work week but tend to improve during weekends, holidays and vacations Persistent cough with sputum production on a daily basis for a minimum of three months Upper airway inflammation and no signs of bronchial wheezing Evidence of infiltrate on the chest radiograph Evidence of increased interstitial or alveolar fluid on the chest radiograph Usually related to a precipitating event, such as smoke inhalation Asthma and allergic bronchospastic disorders, such as allergic aspergillosis or bronchospasm due to other environmental and occupational exposures, can mimic the productive cough of acute bronchitis.
Pneumonia is an Illness of the Lungs that can be Caused by Viruses, Bacteria, and Fungi
A typical reason for bacterial pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae. Other bacteria can cause pneumonia, including Legionella pneumophila, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Chlamydia psittaci, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae. These bacteria are described as "atypical" because pneumonia caused by these organisms might have somewhat different symptoms, appear different on a chest X-ray, or respond to different antibiotics compared to the typical bacteria that cause pneumonia. While these diseases are called "atypical," they aren't unusual.
Pneumonia Explained Clearly by MedCram.com
Pneumonia explained with illustrations by Dr. Roger Seheult of http://www.medcram.com. Understand the pathophysiology of pneumonia, signs and symptoms ...
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How to Recognize the Symptoms of Bronchitis or Pneumonia?
Learn to recognize the symptoms of pneumonia or bronchitis and when to seek medical treatment. Pneumonia isn't a terrible case of bronchitis. Here's what those symptoms look like: while bronchitis develops in the airways that lead to your lungs, Pneumonia develops in your lungs. If you've been diagnosed with pneumonia of any kind and you feel like your chest will be crushed; if you are having considerable difficulty breathing; you are coughing up tons of blood; or if your fingernails or lips have turned blue, call emergency services right away because you have a need for emergency medical attention. Pneumonia can be led into by it, if you have not gotten medical attention for a case of bronchitis. Learn to act quickly to save yourself unnecessary discomfort and expense and to understand the symptoms of bronchitis or pneumonia.
Cough with Phlegm Coughing alone is not actually a disease, but it is an indication of problems in the respiratory tract. In fact, a cough is a self-defense mechanism, triggered by the presence of any foreign or unwanted particles in the respiratory tract. And phlegm...
The same infectious (viral or bacterial) organisms typically cause bronchitis or pneumonia, and the severity of the illness often relates to the total well-being of the patient. Bacterial pneumonia and bronchitis in that it is an invasive infection of the lower respiratory system differ. In both pneumonia and bronchitis, lung inflammatory symptoms including cough, shortness of breath, and sputum (lung mucus) creation are present. Because there is much overlap, it truly is impossible to distinguish a serious case of viral bronchitis from pneumonia without a physical exam or a chest X-ray. Thus, we advocate that smokers with a history of chronic bronchitis seek medical attention if they develop an acute flare in their respiratory symptoms. Long term smokers with chronic bronchitis or emphysema who develop a flare in symptoms treated and are considered differently than nonsmokers.
The infection will typically go away on its own within 1 week. If your doctor thinks you additionally have bacteria in your airways, she or he may prescribe antibiotics. This medicine will only remove bacteria, not viruses. Sometimes, bacteria may infect the airways together with the virus. If your doctor thinks this has occurred, you may be prescribed antibiotics. Sometimes, corticosteroid medicine can also be needed to reduce inflammation in the lungs.
Both Children and Adults can Get Acute Bronchitis
Most healthy people who get acute bronchitis get better without any problems. Often a person gets acute bronchitis a couple of days after having an upper respiratory tract infection like the flu or a cold. Acute bronchitis also can be caused by respiration in things that irritate the bronchial tubes, such as smoke. The most common symptom of acute bronchitis is a cough that usually is dry and hacking at first.