Bronchitus Information: Acute bronchitis
Bronchitis contagious? Learn about bronchitis, an inflammation of the lining of the lungs. Bronchitis can be aggravated from colds, cigarette smoking, COPD, and other lung ailments. Explore bronchitis treatments and symptoms.
Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial tubes, the airways that carry air. You will find two principal types of bronchitis: acute and long-term. Chronic bronchitis is one sort of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). The inflamed bronchial tubes create a lot of mucus. Your physician can look at your signs and symptoms and listen to your breathing to diagnose chronic bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis is a long term state that keeps coming back or never goes away entirely.
Both Kids and Adults can Get Acute Bronchitis
Most healthy individuals who get acute bronchitis get better without any issues. Frequently someone gets acute bronchitis a few days after having an upper respiratory tract infection such as the flu or a cold. Respiration in things that irritate the bronchial tubes, including smoke can also causes acute bronchitis. The most common symptom of acute bronchitis is a cough that normally is hacking and dry initially.
Most People With Chronic Bronchitis Have Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
With several other variables such as air pollution and genetics playing a smaller role, tobacco smoking is the most common cause. Symptoms of chronic bronchitis may include wheezing and shortness of breath, especially upon exertion and low oxygen saturations. Most cases of chronic bronchitis are due to smoking cigarettes or other types of tobacco. Additionally, persistent inhalation of irritating fumes or air pollution or dust from dangerous exposures in occupations such as livestock farming, grain handling, textile manufacturing, coal mining, and metal moulding can also be a risk factor for the development of chronic bronchitis. Unlike other common obstructive ailments such as asthma or emphysema, bronchitis rarely causes a high residual volume (the volume of air remaining in the lungs after a maximal exhalation effort).
The study - led by Cardiff University in the UK - reveals for the very first time the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) plays a key part in causing the airway disorder. Daniela Riccardi, principal investigator and a professor in Cardiff's School of Biosciences, describes their findings as "unbelievably exciting," because for the very first time they have linked airway inflammation - which can be triggered for example by cigarette smoke and car fumes - with airway twitchiness. She adds: "Our paper shows how these triggers release substances that activate CaSR in airway tissue and drive asthma symptoms like airway twitchiness, inflammation, and narrowing.
Prof. Riccardi concludes: The researchers believe their findings about the function of CaSR in airway tissue could have important implications for other respiratory conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic bronchitis. The researchers, from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, believe their findings will lead to treatments for a variety of ailments including asthma, COPD, cystic fibrosis and even certain cancers.
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Chronic bronchitis (COPD) - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology
What is chronic bronchitis? Chronic bronchitis is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, that's defined by clinical symptoms like a productive ...
But it can be serious in kids and elderly adults and in people with other health problems, especially lung diseases including COPD or asthma. Acute bronchitis can also result from breathing in things that irritate the bronchial tubes, such as smoke. More testing also may be needed for babies, older adults, and people who have lung disease (including asthma or COPD) or other health problems. Most folks do not want other prescription medicines or antibiotics and can treat symptoms of acute bronchitis at home. The following may allow you to feel better: If you've hints of bronchitis and have heart or lung disease (for example heart failure, asthma, or COPD) or another serious health problem, speak to your physician without delay. Early treatment may prevent complications, such as pneumonia or repeated episodes of acute bronchitis brought on by bacteria.